Connect with us

Ecology

Most Apollo Astronauts Had Tattoos

Published

on

[ad_1]

My Gemini-Rogallo wing tattoo. Pretty sure none of the Apollo astronauts took this one to the Moon!

My Gemini-Rogallo wing tattoo. Pretty sure none of the Apollo astronauts took this one to the Moon!

When we think of Apollo astronauts, we think of hot-shot pilots who dared to ride rockets to the Moon! But who, at their core, were straight-laced military men who followed the rules. So it might come as a surprise that most Apollo astronauts had tattoos. 

This wasn’t something I expected to find. It’s also something that I came across pretty recently. Which in itself was a shock — I’ve spent the better part of my adult life digging into every aspect of the Apollo era. I even named my cat after Apollo 12’s commander Pete Conrad. Fittingly, it was a picture of Pete Conrad that started me down this path. 

NASA.

NASA.

It’s in this picture. That’s Pete in the red shirt having just refilled his coffee cup. I’ve looked at this picture so many times. I’ve posted it. I’ve looked at the whole Apollo 12 catalogue and all the crew pictures. But I guess I was always distracted by the “fourth crew member,” the giant stuffed gorilla in the background, to notice the tattoo on Pete’s inner left forearm.

It’s not entirely surprising. I hunted down more Pete pics after seeing this and in most pictures he’s wearing short sleeves with his arm bent or he’s wearing a suit… or a spacesuit as the case may be.

Pete Conrad and Dick Gordon sorting rocks after returning from the Moon. You can see his tattoo again! NASA.

Pete Conrad and Dick Gordon sorting rocks after returning from the Moon. You can see his tattoo again! NASA.

You can tell it’s an anchor with what looks like stars and initials around it. Well, as luck would have it, I had a chance to ask his wife Nancy about it the other week over lunch. She confirmed that it is an anchor. Which isn’t surprising. Pete was a Navy man after all and it wasn’t uncommon in that era for Navy men to get a nautical tattoo. The initials, she told me, are his: P and C. But the most surprising part? He didn’t get it in the Navy, he got it when he was 14! 

I tried to hunt down some other astronaut tattoos, but the only ones I could confirm are tattoos that they all got in common: the ones that marked their biomed sensors.

Beginning with the Mercury days, flight surgeons wired astronauts to gather biomedical data in flight as a way to see the effects of spaceflight on the human body. Sensors measured body core temperature, respiration rate, and electrical activity in the heart. To make sure the sensors were always placed in the same spots for accurate readings, the astronauts were tattooed with tiny dots to mark the correct placement.

John Glenn tells the story in his memoirs. Before his Friendship 7 mission, flight surgeon Bill Douglas roughed up his skin, made the dots with a scalpel, and dabbed some India ink he got from someone’s desk to make the mark. Those tattoos lasted the rest of his life. Most astronauts ended up with similar marks on their torsos for the sake of accurate biomedical readings. 

Gus Grissom getting his boomed sensors put on. The mark on his ribs looks like a mole to me. The marks were, from what I've read, much smaller. NASA.

Gus Grissom getting his boomed sensors put on. The mark on his ribs looks like a mole to me. The marks were, from what I’ve read, much smaller. NASA.

So there you have it! The astronauts didn’t have full back pieces or sleeves — I mean, it’s possible someone who’s been to space has since gotten a big commemorative tattoo — but they did have group tattoos!

 

Sources: Homesteading Space: The Skylab Story By David Hitt; Sky Walking: An Astronauts Memoir by Tom Jones; Biomedical findings from NASA’s Project Mercury: a Case Series by William Carpentier et al; John Glenn: A Memoir by John Glenn and Nick Taylor.

[ad_2]

Source link

قالب وردپرس

Ecology

Yukon and Northern BC First Nations tackle climate change using Indigenous knowledge and science

Published

on

By

YUKON, June 18, 2021 /CNW/ – The Government of Canada is working together in partnership with Indigenous and Northern communities in finding solutions to adapt to the impacts of climate change in the North.

Today, Minister of Northern Affairs, Daniel Vandal, along with Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Economic Development and Official Languages (Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency), Larry Bagnell, highlighted progress on three unique, Indigenous-led projects that are helping communities in Yukon and Northern British Columbia adapt to the challenges posed by climate change.

The Minister and Parliamentary Secretary met virtually with Carcross/Tagish First Nation (C/TFN) to learn about their community-led climate change monitoring program. C/TFN has partnered with Tsay Keh Dene Nation (TKDN) and Chu Cho Environmental of Prince George, British Columbia, to build a community-led monitoring project that examines environmental data and Indigenous knowledge to create a holistic picture of how the climate is changing across C/TFN and TKDN traditional territories. The project combines tracking of current and historical climate trends with knowledge shared by Elders while also providing opportunities for youth mentorship and climate change awareness.

The Taku River Tlingit First Nation (TRTFN) is also leading a unique project to assess the impacts of climate change within their traditional territory. Climate change is causing many of the culturally significant ice patches to melt, exposing organic artifacts to oxygen and leading to rapid deterioration. The TRTFN ice patch mapping project will involve performing archaeological assessments to prevent the degradation of artifacts. Research will be guided by traditional knowledge, Elders and oral histories, when available, and heavily involve community, Elders, youth and Knowledge Keepers.

The Pelly Crossing Selkirk Development Corporation is leading the Selkirk Wind Resource Assessment project through the installation of a Sonic Detection and Ranging (SODAR) system. The initiative includes a feasibility study leading up to the construction of a renewable energy facility, including wind, solar and battery energy storage. Expanding clean energy within the region will have direct benefits for communities, including reduced reliance on diesel, job creation and revenue generation for Selkirk First Nation. 

These projects are delivering important environmental, social and economic benefits that lead to healthier, more sustainable and resilient communities across Yukon and Northern British Columbia. They also build community clean energy capacity and help to avoid the impacts of climate change.

Continue Reading

Ecology

Atlantic Provinces Ready For Aquaculture Growth

Published

on

By

Aquaculture is an important economic driver for rural, coastal and Indigenous communities, and Atlantic Canada is well positioned to increase aquaculture production as global demand for sustainably sourced seafood grows.

That is why the ministers responsible for aquaculture in the Atlantic provinces have agreed to the ongoing development and management of their industries based on common principles. A new memorandum of understanding has been signed by the four ministers, which extends the previous agreement signed in 2008.

“In a time when food security is especially important, it is good to see our aquaculture industry has grown steadily and is poised for continued growth in 2021 based on environmentally responsible, science-based policies and practices,” said Keith Colwell, Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture for Nova Scotia. “Our Atlantic partnership continues to help the industry grow sustainably.”

Cooperation between the provinces and the aquaculture industry has led to improvements in pest management, environmentally sustainable aquaculture methods, aquatic animal health and policies to support the shared use of marine and freshwater resources. It also aims to align regulation and policy between the provinces to make the regulatory requirements easier to understand by industry and the public.

Each province has a comprehensive and robust legislative and regulatory framework to ensure environmental sustainability, economic prosperity and public accountability. The provinces update their legislation and regulations regularly. Nova Scotia revamped its regulatory framework in 2015; New Brunswick received Royal Assent for a new Aquaculture Act in 2019 and is working on the supporting regulations; Newfoundland and Labrador completely revised its aquaculture policy in 2019; and Prince Edward Island has recently drafted a new Aquaculture Act.

The ministers have agreed to continue to use science-based evidence for management decisions, thereby increasing public and investor confidence in the Atlantic Canadian aquaculture industry.

Continue Reading

Ecology

COMING SOON: A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy 2.0

Published

on

By

We all want the same thing: a clean and responsible energy future for our children and future generations while continuing to enjoy a high standard of living.

On December 11, 2020, the Prime Minister announced a new climate plan which he claimed will help achieve Canada’s economic and environmental goals.

The proposed plan by Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) entitled “A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy” will have an initial investment of $15 billion of taxpayer’s money. It is built on 5 pillars of action:

  1) Making the Places Canadians Live and Gather More Affordable by Cutting Energy Waste

2) Making Clean, Affordable Transportation and Power Available in Every Community

3) Continuing to Ensure Pollution isn’t Free and Households Get More Money Back

4) Building Canada’s Clean Industrial Advantage

5) Embracing the Power of Nature to Support Healthier Families and More Resilient Communities  

In my paper, “A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy 2.0” I will objectively critique each pillar in the government’s new climate plan and provide alternative solutions to the same issues.

  This is an alternative plan that supports workers, protects lower income earners and creates economic growth while respecting the environment and focusing on the dignity of work.

  This plan abandons virtue-signaling projects and relies on Canadian ingenuity to build our economy and restore Canada’s role of responsible leadership in the world.

Continue Reading

Chat

Trending