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Interdiction de fumer du cannabis dans un logement : à 10 jours de l’échéance au Québec | Cannabis : les effets de la légalisation

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Un texte de Fannie Bussières McNicoll

Santino Ianniciello est propriétaire de plus de 130 appartements. Il est en pleine distribution d’avis d’interdiction de fumer du cannabis. Il a déjà avisé la moitié de ses locataires. La plupart sont compréhensifs, mais d’autres rechignent en apprenant la nouvelle.

Les jeunes protestent. Ils savent qu’ils n’auront pas le droit de fumer dans l’appartement. C’est leur décision de rester, de partir, ou bien [de] fumer à l’extérieur, sur les balcons.

Santino Ianniciello, propriétaire d’immeubles à logements
Santino Ianniciello assis à une table, avec des documents devant lui.Santino Ianniciello est en train d’aviser tous ses locataires que dorénavant, ils n’auront pas le droit de fumer du cannabis dans leur appartement. Photo : Radio-Canada / Fannie Bussières McNicoll

Santino Ianniciello est bien conscient que puisque le gouvernement du Québec a interdit de fumer du cannabis dans les endroits publics, les possibilités sont maintenant bien limitées pour les consommateurs de marijuana récréative.

Voilà pourquoi il permet à ses locataires d’utiliser les balcons pour fumer. Mais d’autres propriétaires ne sont pas aussi compréhensifs et l’interdisent.

« Certains propriétaires nous ont dit que pour eux, le balcon n’était pas un enjeu. D’autres nous ont dit que, comme il s’agissait de balcons partagés ou très près les uns des autres, ils comptaient interdire la fumée de cannabis non seulement dans le logement, mais sur le balcon également. C’est le propriétaire qui va pouvoir moduler son avis en fonction de la configuration de son immeuble à logements », explique le président de l’Association des propriétaires du Québec, Martin Messier.

Peu d’options pour les locataires consommateurs de cannabis

La Loi encadrant le cannabis, adoptée en juin 2018 sous le gouvernement libéral de Philippe Couillard, permet exceptionnellement de modifier un bail en cours pour y ajouter une clause interdisant de fumer de la marijuana dans les appartements. Les propriétaires sont nombreux à se prévaloir de ce droit, selon Martin Messier.

Je pense que la vaste majorité des propriétaires ont entamé le processus d’interdiction ou vont le faire. C’est vraiment une préoccupation importante pour nos membres, en raison de la propagation des odeurs, notamment.

Martin Messier, président de l’Association des propriétaires du Québec

Martin Messier ajoute que les avis d’interdiction ne visent qu’à empêcher de fumer le cannabis et non pas de le consommer sous toute autre forme.

Me Mélanie Chaperon, avocate spécialisée en droit locatif, reconnaît qu’il sera difficile pour bien des locataires de trouver un endroit où il est permis de fumer du cannabis. « C’est certain qu’il leur reste peu d’options. J’espère qu’il va y avoir certains endroits publics, à Montréal ou ailleurs, qui vont être disponibles pour que le locataire puisse fumer le cannabis, parce que c’est quand même permis au niveau fédéral », souligne Me Chaperon.

Me Mélanie Chaperon, avocate spécialisée en droit locatif.Me Mélanie Chaperon, avocate spécialisée en droit locatif. Photo : Radio-Canada / Sébastien Gauvin

Elle rappelle toutefois que si la majorité des propriétaires ont décidé d’opter pour le bannissement, d’autres sont plus permissifs et décident tout simplement de ne pas émettre d’avis d’interdiction.

Certains propriétaires me disent : “Me Chaperon, si j’interdis le cannabis, je n’aurai plus de locataires!” Espérons que ces gens-là puissent soit le publiciser, soit l’afficher. Donc, recommandation aux locataires consommateurs de cannabis : regardez ces annonces-là.

Me Mélanie Chaperon, avocate spécialisée en droit locatif

Me Chaperon explique que permettre le cannabis est pour certains une façon de développer un créneau spécifique. « Ils se démarquent ainsi de la concurrence qui, pour la plupart, interdit de fumer le cannabis. Et ça leur permet de conserver les locataires qu’ils ont présentement et qui sont des consommateurs de cannabis », explique l’avocate.

Une occasion qui ne se représentera pas pour les propriétaires

Mais cette occasion ne se représentera pas, comme l’explique le président de l’Association des propriétaires du Québec, Martin Messier.

Pour les propriétaires, c’est une chance unique. Pour tous les locataires en place, si ce n’est pas fait d’ici le 15 janvier, après il sera trop tard. On pourra ensuite l’interdire à de nouveaux locataires, mais en respectant des modalités très précises.

Martin Messier, président de l’Association des propriétaires du Québec

Me Mélanie Chaperon ajoute que certains propriétaires en profitent pour ajouter d’autres interdictions, comme celle de fumer la cigarette. Mais elle rappelle que cette pratique est illégale et que la loi québécoise ne permet cette exception que pour ajouter l’interdiction de fumer du cannabis dans un bail en cours.

Difficile contestation de l’interdiction

Peu d’options légales se présentent aux locataires qui décideraient de contester l’interdiction de fumer du cannabis dans leur appartement. Comme l’indique l’article 107 de la Loi encadrant le cannabis, seuls les locataires ayant accès à du cannabis à des fins thérapeutiques pourront refuser l’interdiction imposée par leur propriétaire en contestant l’avis d’interdiction dans les 30 jours suivant sa réception.

Certains décident tout de même de contester, même s’ils n’ont pas d’ordonnance médicale pour appuyer leur requête, comme le mentionne Me Chaperon. De premières audiences dans des dossiers de ce genre auront d’ailleurs lieu en janvier à la Régie du logement.

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Future of Ottawa: Chefs with Kathryn Ferries

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This week in the Future of Ottawa series, we’re taking a deep dive into the bar and restaurant industry—what it’s like now and where it’s headed. Read on for a guest post from Kat Ferries on the future of chefs, or read posts from Quinn Taylor on bars or Justin Champagne on fine dining.

Kat Ferries is Sous-Chef at Stofa Restaurant and a 2020 San Pellegrino North American Young Chef Social Responsibility Award Winner.

Apt613: What is the current landscape for chefs in Ottawa?

Kat Ferries: There is such great talent in Ottawa with so many chefs either being from here originally or have returned after traveling and have since opened some incredible restaurants. Many chefs have focused menus that really highlight their strengths, their heritage, and their passion for food. Dominique Dufour of Gray Jay, Marc Doiron of Town/Citizen, Steve Wall of Supply & Demand, Daniela Manrique Lucca of The Soca Kitchen, and so many more are all cooking up beautiful and delicious food in this city.

If you care to make a prediction… Where is the food industry in Ottawa going for chefs in 2021?

The industry right now is, unfortunately, in a really tough spot. The pandemic has been so devastating on mental, physical and emotional levels for so many and I know that many of my friends in this industry are burning out. There are many discussions happening on work/life balance and what is healthy for everyone. Some may never return to the long, hard hours we are expected to put in day after day and instead opt for a more flexible schedule or hire more staff to lighten the load on everyone, with some even leaving the industry indefinitely. Some may throw themselves back into this industry 10x as hard and create some of the best restaurants and concepts we’ve yet to see. I think all that will happen after the pandemic though.

For this year, it’s mostly about survival and finding happiness in creating what we can in the spaces we have while following all the laws and guidelines from public health officials. I think we will see more chefs creating experiences for guests that we otherwise wouldn’t have: think pop-ups, virtual dinner clubs, cocktail seminars, collabs, etc.

Where in your wildest dreams could the Ottawa culinary community grow in your lifetime?

I would love to see the Ottawa community support more small, local restaurants so our streets are bustling late into the nights like they are in Montreal, New York, or Europe. Having a local restaurant to frequent should be so much more commonplace, where you can enjoy a night out more often than just Friday or Saturday night. I would also love to see many more of our local chefs highlighted for the amazing food they create!

What is the best innovation to take place in your industry since the pandemic started affecting Ottawa?

Turning all our restaurants into mini-markets for customers to enjoy the food and wine of their favourite places at home. We have bottle shops for all your wine, beer and cocktail needs as well as menus that reflect what each restaurant does best. Some have even pivoted to a point where they are 100% a store and have paused any type of “service-style” dining.

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Future of Ottawa: Fine Dining with Justin Champagne

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This week in the Future of Ottawa series, we’re taking a deep dive into the bar and restaurant industry—what it’s like now and where it’s headed. Read on for a guest post from Justin Champagne on the future of fine dining, or read posts from Kathryn Ferries on chefs or Quinn Taylor on bars.

Justin Champagne went to culinary school at Northwest Culinary Academy of Vancouver. He got his start in fine dining restaurants at C Restaurant under Chef Robert Clark, then at Hawksworth Restaurant under Chef Eligh. He staged at three-Michelin-starred Atelier Crenn under Chef Dominque Crenn before moving to Ottawa and spending five years at Atelier, working his way up to Sous-Chef. He’s now the Head Chef of Bar Lupulus.

Apt613: What is the current landscape of fine dining restaurants in Ottawa?

Justin Champagne: Ottawa punches well above its weight class when it comes to quality restaurants in general. Fine dining is no exception to that—we have some amazing chefs here that are doing really great things. We also have some phenomenal sommeliers in town that are a huge factor when it comes to a guest’s experience in a fine dining restaurant. While there are some fantastic fine dining restaurants in town I do believe there’s room for more, and definitely room for more creativity and unique styles of cooking! I think we’ll see more small fine dining restaurants opening up, “micro-restaurants” where there’s maybe 20 seats. This will be over the next few weeks as the industry did take a big hit financially with COVID-19, but we still have a lot of great young chefs who have the fire inside of them to open their own location!

If you care to make a prediction… Where is fine dining going in Ottawa in 2021?

I’m not sure it’ll be 2021 or 2022 with the way the vaccine rollout and stay-at-home order is going, but I do expect there to be a wave of people looking to go out to fine dining restaurants. We’ve been cooped up cooking for ourselves or ordering takeout for over a year now. People are getting antsy and ready to go out and have fantastic meals again with exceptional wine and not have to worry about doing all the dishes afterwards!

Where in your wildest dreams could fine dining go in Ottawa in your lifetime?

That’s the fun part about “fine dining,” it can go anywhere and it can mean many things. Fine dining is about amazing service and well thought out, unique food that the kitchen spent hours fussing over, being meticulous in execution. Outside of that, you can have a lot of fun and be creative in different ways. My wildest dream I guess is that fine dinning restaurants begin to thrive and are able to charge without backlash the kind of prices that they need to charge in order to keep the lights on and pay their staff a proper living wage!!

What is the best innovation to take place in your industry since the pandemic started affecting Ottawa?

I’m not sure if I would really say there’s been a best “innovation” in my industry during the pandemic, but I will say that seeing the “adaptability” by all the restaurants in Ottawa has been incredibly inspiring. Ottawa’s food scene has always been a tight-knit community, “everyone helping everyone” kind of mentality. And this pandemic has really helped show that—restaurants helping restaurants through all of this!

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Ottawa’s Giant Tiger chain celebrating 60 years in business

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OTTAWA — An Ottawa staple, along with what might be the most famous cat in Canada, are celebrating a milestone Monday.

Giant Tiger is 60 years old.

“It all started with a very simple idea,” says Alison Scarlett, associate VP of communications at Giant Tiger. “Help Canadians save money every single day. Bring them products that they want and need. When you focus on those core principals, it really is quite simple to succeed.”

In 1961, Gordon Reid opened the first Giant Tiger in Ottawa’s ByWard Market. The company now has more than 260 locations across Canada and employs roughly 10,000 people.

“If you were at our store on opening day 60 years ago, the in store experience would be a little bit different from your local Giant Tiger store today. So that’s changed. A lot of our products and offerings have changed or expanded as Canadian consumers wants and needs have changed or expanded,” says Scarlett.

The homegrown department store continues to be a favourite for many shoppers looking to for the best deals on everyday products.

Helen Binda has been shopping here for decades.

“Many years. I can’t remember when. I’ve always loved Giant Tiger. It’s always been a good store for me.”

“I think its amazing and I think that we need more department stores,” says shopper Fay Ball. “And if it’s Canadian, all the better.”

The Canadian-owned family discount store carries everything from clothing to groceries, as well as everyday household needs. They’ve also expanded their online store and like most retailers provide curbside pickup during the pandemic.

“Doing what is right for our customers, associates, and communities. That has enabled us to be so successful for all of these years,” says Scarlett.

To celebrate, Giant Tiger is hosting a virtual birthday party at 7 p.m. Monday with live musical performances from some iconic Canadian artists.

You can visit their Facebook page to tune in. 

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