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Les libéraux-démocrates britanniques cherchent à suspendre le Brexit

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L’article 50 du Traité de l’Union européenne (UE) régit le départ d’un État membre. En retirant cet article de l’accord, le gouvernement britannique pourrait donc choisir de rester temporairement dans l’UE.

« C’est exactement ce qui va se passer et c’est exactement ce que nous devons faire parce qu’il serait absolument indigne et impardonnable de permettre la situation chaotique d’une absence d’accord », a dit Vince Cable, le chef des libéraux-démocrates, un parti pro-européen.

« Je pense que le Parlement va reprendre le contrôle de cette procédure et va vouloir chercher l’option d’un “non-Brexit” », a-t-il dit en entrevue à la BBC.

Citant des sources gouvernementales, le Sunday Times indiquait dimanche que des députés frondeurs envisageaient de reprendre le contrôle de l’agenda parlementaire afin d’obtenir une suspension ou un report du Brexit.

Le chef du Parti libéral-démocrates Vince Cable s'adresse à une foule.Le chef du Parti libéral-démocrates, Vince Cable Photo : Reuters / Henry Nicholls

L’accord conclu par la première ministre Theresa May avec ses partenaires européens doit faire l’objet d’un vote mardi par la Chambre des communes, ce qui permettra au Parlement européen de se prononcer par la suite.

La date du Brexit est fixée au 29 mars prochain à 23 h (heure locale). Le Royaume-Uni a jusqu’à la veille de la sortie de l’UE, soit le 28 mars, pour ne plus invoquer l’article 50 et ainsi échapper temporairement au processus de séparation.

En effet, en retirant l’article 50 de l’accord, Londres se garde le droit de l’invoquer à nouveau plus tard, quand il jugera le moment opportun.

Si jamais un accord est adopté par les deux parties, le 30 mars doit commencer la période de transition d’une durée de 21 mois, qui leur permettra de préparer leurs futures relations.

Mais si l’accord de retrait proposé par Theresa May n’est pas adopté, il deviendra caduc, ce qui signifie que le Royaume-Uni se dirigera vers un Brexit sans accord.

Ainsi, faute d’ententes commerciales, le Royaume-Uni devra se soumettre aux règles de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) pour encadrer ses activités économiques et la période de transition prévue disparaîtrait.

Vers un rejet de l’entente

Brexit, la première ministre britannique Theresa May croit encore possible d'obtenir des garanties, l'UE veut calmer le jeu. La première ministre britannique Theresa May a prévenu les parlementaires qu’un rejet de l’accord sur le Brexit qu’elle a négocié avec l’Union européenne serait catastrophique pour le pays. Photo : Reuters / Piroschka Van De Wouw

Les observateurs estiment que le texte de l’accord négocié par Theresa May avec l’Union européenne, ayant cristallisé de nombreuses critiques chez les conservateurs et leurs alliés nord-irlandais comme chez les travaillistes, risque d’être rejeté par les députés.

Vendredi, le ministre britannique des Affaires étrangères, Jeremy Hunt, a déclaré que le Brexit pourrait bien ne pas avoir lieu si l’accord de divorce négocié par May avec Bruxelles était rejeté mardi par la Chambre des communes.

Theresa May a prévenu qu’un tel scénario serait « catastrophique » pour l’ensemble du Royaume-Uni.

De son côté, son adversaire politique, le leader travailliste Jeremy Corbyn, plaide pour un nouvel accord négocié avec Bruxelles plutôt que pour un second référendum sur le Brexit.

S’exprimant dimanche, M. Corbyn a annoncé que si le texte de l’accord était rejeté par les Communes, il déposerait « prochainement » une motion de défiance contre le gouvernement de Theresa May.

Faute de majorité, Mme May a déjà dû renoncer in extremis au vote qui était prévu le 11 décembre dernier à la Chambre des communes et s’est engagée à demander « des assurances juridiques et politiques » à l’UE.

Elle a survécu le lendemain à un vote de défiance interne, mais 117 des 317 élus conservateurs se sont prononcés contre elle.

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Starbucks permanently closing Byward market location on Jan. 31

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The Byward Market Starbucks is closing permanently at the end of January.

“It is with heavy hearts that we must announce the permanent closure of our store on January 31,” the coffee shop said in an Instagram post.

“Due to the changes in the economic climate since the start of the pandemic, Starbucks Canada has made some difficult decisions to close certain stores across the country whose business have been most effected by COVID-19. Unfortunately, our store fell into that category.”

Starbucks is to close up to 300 locations by the end of March, the chain announced earlier this month, accelerating its “transformation strategy” in response to changing consumer habits during the pandemic.

The chain expects to complete theplanned store closures by the end of its second quarter. The restructuring includes adding new drive-thru locations, expanding delivery and a pilot of curbside pick up-only locations.

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Statistics Canada says wholesale sales rose in November, manufacturing sales down

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OTTAWA — Canadian wholesale sales grew for the seventh consecutive month in November to hit a record high, while manufacturing sales fell for the month.

Manufacturing sales dropped 0.6 per cent to $53.7 billion in November, Statistics Canada reported Tuesday.

CIBC senior economist Royce Mendes said factory sales took a breather in November, but he added that the decline seemed to have been narrowly driven by a few categories, noting that only five of 21 industries saw lower sales for the month.

“Declines were most prevalent in the auto and aerospace sectors,” Mendes wrote in a brief report.

“Lower prices for lumber and wood products also pulled down sales of wood products, which have been benefiting recently from strong demand for building.”

The data provided a snapshot of the economy for November, however the increased restrictions to slow the spread of the pandemic in some provinces since then are expected to have taken a deeper toll on the economy.

“Since November, restrictions have increased in provinces with the largest manufacturing centers, pointing to further subdued performances going forward,” TD Bank economist Omar Abdelrahman wrote.

“Although manufacturing was deemed essential by all provinces, the sector will face headwinds from the drop in domestic demand seen elsewhere in the economy.”

The transportation equipment industry fell 9.1 per cent to $8.9 billion in November, while aerospace production fell 23.8 per cent to $1.2 billion and motor vehicle sales slipped 5.7 per cent to $4.3 billion.

Wood product manufacturing sales fell 4.1 per cent to $3.3 billion in November on lower sales in the sawmills and wood preservation industry.

Overall manufacturing sales in constant dollars fell 0.6 per cent.

Meanwhile, Statistics Canada said Tuesday wholesale sales rose 0.7 per cent to an all-time high of $67.4 billion as five of seven subsectors reported stronger sales.

The gains were led by the machinery, equipment and supplies subsector and the building material and supplies subsector. 

The machinery, equipment and supplies group rose 2.8 per cent to $14.3 billion, while building material and supplies rose 1.1 per cent to $10.2 billion.

Wholesale trade in volume terms rose 0.9 per cent in November.

The data for November came ahead of the Bank of Canada’s interest rate decision and monetary policy report on Wednesday. 

The central bank is widely expected to keep its key interest on hold at 0.25 per cent.

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Retail sales rise 1.3 per cent to $55.2 billion in November as online shopping surges

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OTTAWA — Retail sales climbed for the seventh straight month in November as Black Friday deals and a rush to order online gifts early to avoid shipping delays pushed sales up 1.3 per cent to $55.2 billion, Statistics Canada said Friday. 

But the federal agency’s unofficial early estimate for December appeared to dampen the retail momentum.

It said sales for the last month of 2020 – typically the peak of the holiday shopping season – potentially fell by as much as 2.6 per cent. 

Retail expert Farla Efros said it’s not surprising the sales would taper off in December given the heavy discounting offered on Black Friday in November, as well as Amazon’s decision to move its Prime Day to mid-October. 

“Most people took the opportunity to do their shopping early and get those deals,” said Efros, president of HRC Retail Advisory.

In addition, Toronto and the Peel region went into lockdown in late November, followed by the entire province of Ontario on Boxing Day.

Efros said those restrictions likely negatively impacted retail sales throughout December. 

Meanwhile, the latest Statistics Canada figures show a strong growth in online shopping in November.

Retail e-commerce sales for November were up 75.9 per cent from the same month a year earlier, the agency said. 

“The rise in sales coincided with retailers urging online shoppers to buy early to avoid shipping delays, as well as promotional events such as Black Friday,” Statistics Canada said in its release. 

Royce Mendes, senior economist at CIBC Capital Markets, said in a client note that the growth in e-commerce sales was likely led by households staying at home more as COVID-19 cases were rising.

He said numbers don’t include “some of the largest online retailers, which the survey doesn’t capture.”

Food and beverage store sales were up 5.9 per cent in November, even as about three per cent of all retailers were closed at some point in the month as restrictions tightened amid a resurgence in COVID-19 cases.

Efros pointed out that restaurants in some areas were forced to close in November, likely leading to the  increase in retail food sales at grocery stores. 

She said food price inflation may have also pushed the sales figures higher as well. 

Meanwhile, sales at auto parts dealers fell in November for the first time since April, as truck sales declined four per cent from November 2019, and passenger car sales tumbled 20.5 per cent compared with the same month last year.

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