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Des intervenants du sport amateur réclament une meilleure protection des jeunes athlètes

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D’après une enquête de Lori Ward et Jamie Strashin, en collaboration avec Marie Malchelosse

Il dit avoir été agressé pendant 10 ans par son entraîneur de soccer, Yves Leclerc, jusqu’au début des années 2000.

Ça démolit tout, soutient Alain Fortier. Ça démolit tout à l’intérieur. Ta dignité, ce que tu es. La confiance en toi. Souvent, tu te dis, bien voyons, je ne vaux rien. J’ai été abusé.

Alain Fortier

« Mais je me suis rendu compte que ce que tu ne règles pas aura tendance à se reproduire dans ta vie. »

Alain Fortier a porté plainte contre son ancien entraîneur en 2015. Le procès d’Yves Leclerc pour agression sexuelle et exploitation sexuelle a eu lieu en septembre dernier. Le verdict est attendu le 13 mars. Leclerc est un des 340 entraîneurs du sport amateur au Canada à avoir été accusés d’un délit sexuel, comme l’a révélé une enquête conjointe de CBC News et CBC Sports à laquelle Radio-Canada Sports a participé.

Alain Fortier en entrevue à Radio-Canada SportsAlain Fortier est aujourd’hui auteur et conférencier Photo : Radio-Canada / Jean-Philippe Pelletier

Au total, 222 de ces accusations ont donné lieu à des condamnations pour des gestes sur 603 victimes mineures.

Le cas d’Yves Leclerc fait partie des 34 autres dossiers, tous sports confondus au Canada, qui étaient toujours devant les tribunaux en date du 25 janvier 2019.

Ces chiffres font dire à Alain Fortier que les choses n’ont pas vraiment changé, 18 ans plus tard. Maintenant auteur et conférencier, il veut lever certains tabous. Et il doute que les jeunes sportifs soient mieux protégés de nos jours.

« C’est décevant, même alarmant, juge-t-il. Autant au niveau provincial qu’au niveau fédéral, je ne ressens pas à l’heure actuelle qu’il y a une volonté politique de les protéger. »

Le système pose problème

À l’échelle nationale, le système sportif s’appuie essentiellement sur l’équation performance + médailles = financement. Cette culture du résultat s’étend aux petites ligues et aux clubs locaux. Très jeunes, les enfants doivent performer, sans quoi ils restent sur les lignes de côté.

Sylvie Parent,  professeure titulaire au département d’éducation physique de l’Université LavalSylvie Parent, professeure titulaire au département d’éducation physique de l’Université Laval Photo : Radio-Canada

Un système qui fait fausse route et qui ouvre la voie aux abus de toutes sortes.

« Pourquoi ces entités-là axent-elles tant que ça sur la performance, sur la recherche de résultats? Pourquoi? Si l’athlète est bien dans son milieu, si l’athlète ne subit pas de violence, si l’athlète est respecté, il va performer », estime Sylvie Parent, chercheuse spécialisée dans la violence et les abus sexuels envers les jeunes en contexte sportif à l’Université Laval.

Certes, Québec et Ottawa ont présenté des mesures pour lutter contre les abus dans le sport. La ministre fédérale des Sciences et des Sports, Kirsty Duncan, a annoncé en juin dernier qu’à compter de 2020, une fédération nationale pourrait être privée de financement si elle ne se pliait pas à ces nouvelles dispositions, notamment la divulgation immédiate de tout incident à la ministre et l’accès à une tierce partie indépendante pour entendre les allégations d’abus d’athlètes.

L’idée est excellente pour les athlètes membres d’une équipe nationale. Sauf que des milliers de jeunes font du sport sans avoir pour objectif de gagner des médailles.

Les organisations démunies

Or, à l’échelle locale et provinciale, la réalité est particulièrement complexe. Une entité comme Judo Québec, par exemple, n’emploie que six personnes à temps plein. Elle doit encadrer 125 clubs à travers la province.

Le personnel a dû traiter une affaire d’abus sexuel au début des années 2000. Ses ressources ne lui donnent pas les moyens d’examiner les antécédents judiciaires des entraîneurs de tous les clubs affiliés.

« Je sais que les fédérations, en ce moment, font peut-être le maximum avec ce qu’elles ont comme ressources, indique Alain Fortier. Mais je trouve que c’est trop peu pour ce que ça cause comme problèmes. »

Comme bon nombre d’experts, il souhaite la mise sur pied d’un registre centralisé des entraîneurs auquel toutes les fédérations seraient incluses et d’une entité indépendante qui établirait une politique globale que toutes les organisations, peu importe leur taille et leur portée, seraient en mesure de suivre.

« À l’heure actuelle, chacune des fédérations travaille en silo, et elles n’ont pas tendance à se parler, déplore-t-il. Quand arrive un cas, elles ne savent pas quoi faire avec. »

Une base de données qui décrit les sanctions comme ça se fait aux États-Unis. […] Pour que n’importe quelle personne qui a été sanctionnée ne puisse pas changer de sport, changer de province, changer de territoire ou de niveau sportif pour recommencer ses fonctions.

Lorraine Lafrenière, chef de direction de l’Association canadienne des entraîneurs
Bertrand CharestBertrand Charest Photo : Radio-Canada / CBC

Dans la foulée de l’affaire Bertrand Charest, plusieurs organismes, comme l’Association canadienne des entraîneurs, ont proposé des mesures qui se veulent préventives. Par exemple, qu’il y ait en tout temps deux adultes en présence des enfants, que tous les entraîneurs suivent une formation en ligne appelée Priorité Jeunesse et que les antécédents judiciaires soient vérifiés.

Toutefois, aucune de ces mesures n’est obligatoire. En attendant un registre national, l’Association canadienne des entraîneurs invite les parents à poser des questions sur la sécurité et les politiques au sein d’un club avant d’y inscrire leur enfant.

Lui-même père de famille, Alain Fortier appelle les parents à être présents et à rester attentifs aux signaux que peut leur envoyer l’enfant dans son comportement.

Les siens ne se sont doutés de rien. Il ne les en blâme pas. Mais cette expérience traumatisante lui confirme qu’il est nécessaire de donner à toutes les organisations sportives, des plus petites aux plus grandes, les moyens de renverser la tendance.

« On doit agir, martèle-t-il. Il y a urgence d’agir. C’est nos enfants. C’est ce qu’on a de plus précieux. Ça serait peut-être le temps aujourd’hui qu’on se prenne en main. Pour être certains que ça n’arrive pas. »

Pour les jeunes athlètes, entraîneurs, parents, ou toute personne impliquée dans le milieu sportif, témoins de violence, vous pouvez contacter l’organisme Sport’Aide au 1-833-211-AIDE (2433), aide@sportaide.ca ou facebook.com/sportaide.

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Grocery wars intensify anew as Whole Foods to cut prices on hundreds of items by 20% starting tomorrow

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Whole Foods, the high-end grocery store bought by Amazon in 2017, plans to cut prices on hundreds of items by as much as 20 per cent as of Wednesday, including at locations in Canada.

Amazon says most of the cuts will come in produce and other fresh items and will amount, on average, to about 20 per cent in savings where they are in effect.

It’s the third such round of widespread cost cutting since Amazon bought the chain in the fall of 2017.

The takeover at the time came as a bit of a surprise, since it was the marriage of two companies with vastly different strategies and markets.

Amazon started as an online bookstore and soon grew to become the largest online retailer of just about everything else by focusing on cutting costs while expanding selection and offering delivery speeds that other sellers struggled to match.

Its Amazon Prime service, where customers can get same-day delivery on millions of products for an annual fee in Canada of $79, has helped them cement customer loyalty even more.

Whole Foods, meanwhile, began as a health food store in Austin, Texas, in 1980 that steadily grew across the U.S. and then into Canada by catering to health-conscious shoppers who didn’t mind paying more for items they deemed to be healthier.

When Amazon bought the chain, many wondered what the long-term plan was, and Wednesday’s move seems to suggest the company may bring its ruthless approach to cost cutting to the bricks-and-mortar world of retail. And the company claims it can do that without sacrificing the quality that won the grocer fans in the first place.

“Whole Foods Market continues to maintain the high-quality standards that we’ve championed for nearly 40 years, and with Amazon, we will lower more prices in the future, building on the positive momentum from previous price investments,” Whole Foods co-founder and CEO John Mackey said. “We will continue to focus on both lowering prices and bringing customers the quality they trust and the innovative assortment they expect from our brand.”

‘Seismic impact’

Whole Foods has about 300 U.S. locations and 14 in Canada — mainly in and around Toronto and Vancouver, but also one location in Victoria and one in Ottawa.

Strategy adviser Mark Satov, with Satov Consultants, says it’s less likely the decision will kick off a move to turn Whole Foods into a discount grocery chain, and more likely Amazon is simply using the chain to figure out how a new business works. “They bought it to learn how to be in the food business,” he said.

“I think they’re just experimenting and marketing to draw a few more people into the store,” he added. The store’s price point is still out of reach for most Canadians, but by targeting items that people tend to benchmark prices on — things like fresh vegetables — the chain is hoping to win a few more customers for its more expensive items, too.

“Once you are inside the store, a couple of things happen,” Satov said. “You go and say the milk is $3.69 … I can afford that, and then you’ll buy the freshly ground peanut butter for $18 a tub.”

Whole Foods currently has more than a dozen locations across Canada. (Lynne Sladky/Associated Press)

But Bruce Winder, co-founder and partner at Retail Advisors Network, says the move is a much bigger deal for the hyper-competitive world of Canadian grocery.

“It’s going to cause a fairly seismic impact,” he said in an interview. While he acknowledges the Whole Foods footprint is relatively small in Canada, “it fires a shot over the bow of traditional grocery,” he said.

The move likely won’t cause a flood of people to change their grocery store, he said, but “it’s going to wake up some people to consider a switch.”

If it gets enough of them through the door — and possibly buying new Prime memberships — Winder says it’s worth it.

That’s because most people shop one or two times a week, “and if they can get that customer coming in, invite them into the ecosystem, get them to use Prime — and suddenly you’ve got a strong rewards system there that keeps the customer within the Amazon world,” he said.

And ultimately, anything that causes the rest of the industry to take a look at its own businesses is a good thing for everyone.

“The consumer wins,” Winder said.

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What I Learned at the Opening of Toronto’s First Legal Weed Store

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Perhaps it was fitting that Ontario’s weed stores finally opened their doors on April Fool’s day—because the province’s retail rollout has arguably been a joke.

In the end, only ten of the 25 private cannabis retail operators selected via lottery were able to open Monday. There was one store open in Toronto, a city of 2.6 million, where more than 100 illicit dispensaries were in operation prior to legalization.

VICE visited the Toronto store, called The Hunny Pot, located downtown near Queen Street and University Ave. Here are a few key takeaways from the experience:

People give a shit

When we showed up at 8:45 AM—about 15 minutes before The Hunny Pot opened, there were dozens of people already in line. This despite temperatures being below 0 degrees Celsius [32 degrees Fahrenheit] and the fact that you can order weed online. Cannabis lawyer Caryma Sa’d and a few others parked a tent in front of The Hunny Pot at 10 AM Sunday to ensure they’d be first in line. Sa’d told VICE she can’t order weed through the Ontario Cannabis Store website because it doesn’t accept Visa debit cards, so she wasn’t able to buy weed on October 17. “Obviously Ontario has been extremely slow to open brick and mortar stores and it was something of a second chance to be first.” The line only got busier as the day progressed, and the three levels of the store’s interior were jammed the entire time we were there.

The owner doesn’t smoke weed

The Hunny Pot owner Hunny Gawri is a real estate agent who told VICE he has consumed cannabis only on rare occasions. He has, however, run a bunch of different types of shops, including cell phone stores and an indoor kids’ playground.

“I think I might be able to speak more for people who haven’t tried it and are curious now that it’s legal,” he said, noting he wants more education on the effects various strains will have on him. “There’s a lot of enthusiasts out there and I’m looking forward to understanding it more, learning more about it as we go through the process.” Advertisement

Gawri said his retail experience is what allowed him to build the store in a short period of time. He said he was in part attracted to selling weed because it’s “definitely going to be a lucrative industry,” especially given Ontario’s population. Many of the other weed operator lottery winners in Ontario have partnered with larger retailers in licensing deals, but The Hunny Pot is independent.

People are pissed about this tone-deaf shirt

Staff at The Hunny Pot were outfitted with uniforms that had jokey slogans on the back, including “baked fresh daily,” and “I’m high on life.” However one of the staffers—a white woman—wore a shirt that said “I run on weed & gangsta rap.” People were not amused when I tweeted a photo of it. That’s because it seemed a little tone deaf, considering that black people are disproportionately arrested for weed crimes, and vastly underrepresented in the legal weed industry.

“There are about 500,000 Canadians w/ marijuana convictions on their record. Black folks were targeted for these offenses & are wildly over-represented in that number. But YUK YUK isn’t this tee so cute? Everybody wanna be Black but nobody wanna be Black,” tweeted Jared A. Walker, a Toronto-based writer and communications consultant. Yeah, might be a good idea to pull that shirt out of the rotation.

golden-joint

A golden joint (left) and a “CBD dominant” strain (right). Photos by the author

The weed isn’t cheap

I paid $51 [$38 USD] for 3.5 grams of San Rafael Pink Kush—an indica containing 21 percent THC. Online, that quantity is priced at $42.85 [$32.08 USD] plus a $5 [$3.75 USD] shipping fee, though it’s sold out currently. Owner Gawri told VICE grams at his store range from $9.50 [$7.11 USD] to $22 [$16.47 USD]. It goes without saying that black market weed is still cheaper, especially if you buy weed in larger quantities. But being the only legal weed store in Toronto, The Hunny Pot is still going to get a lot of traffic.

There’s an Apple Store vibe

The Hunny Pot is aesthetically very sleek. It’s 3,500 square feet with a lobby area, and three levels where cannabis is displayed in sensory jars that allow you to smell the various strains and examine them through a magnifying glass. Each customer is greeted by a budtender who walks them through their options and then places orders through an iPad. Once you’re done placing your order you wait in a line to pay and pick up the weed at the cashier.

There was a Christian man protesting weed

After spending a few hours at the store, we walked outside to find a protester across the street holding up a sign that said “there’s no hope in the dope. John 8:36.”

It turns out that’s not actually what that bible verse says. The guy was shouting “it’s corrupt, it’s dirty, it’s vile, it’s not God’s will” into a microphone. And I took that as my cue to go home.

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Two Ontario pot shops appear to be violating building code and accessibility laws

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Toronto’s only licensed, up-and-running, brick-and-mortar cannabis store was open for business on April 1. But some customers with disabilities encountered difficulties when attempting to access the Hunny Pot Cannabis Co. near Queen Street West and University Avenue—there was no ramp to facilitate access for users of mobility devices such as wheelchairs and walkers.

Global News reports that Jordan Dragiz went to the Hunny Pot on Monday to pick up a few cannabis products. After a long wait in line, Dragiz arrived at the front–only to realize that there was no ramp to the front door. In order to be served, Dragiz was forced to leave his wheelchair sitting on the sidewalk and had to be brought in and out of the shop without the device, via staff assistance.

“I wasn’t shocked. I was kind of expecting this. But I wasn’t sure if there’s going to be a ramp or not. I’m more shocked they don’t have a ramp,” Dragiz told Global News. “All these buildings are pretty old … I was wondering what I was going to do, how I was going to get in. But good thing they were nice enough to help me in.”

Staff at the Hunny Pot Cannabis Co. went on the defensive when asked by Global News to explain the lack of accessibility.

“We fully accommodated those individuals. Today, up to four individuals came through with accessibility needs including wheelchair and each were able to purchase product,” Kate Johnny informed Global News in a statement on Monday night. Johnny added that the shop’s owner is working with consultants to identify and correct accessibility issues.

“We do have a temporary ramp that we can bring in to let them come into the store and the ability for our budtenders to bring the point-of-sale and products directly to the individual who currently cannot access the third and fourth floor retail spaces,” says Johnny.

Global reports that upon attending the store on Monday to view the temporary ramp, a rep informed them that the store could not display the ramp due to the influx of clients.

The Hunny Pot Cannabis Co. appears to be in violation of the Ontario Building Code and accessibility laws.

1a Fire Flower 0378 e1554218398428 Two Ontario pot shops appear to be violating building code and accessibility laws
Ottawa’s Fire & Flower is also currently inaccessible to potential clients with mobility issues. Wayne Cuddington/ Postmedia

“I can tell you that all businesses need to adhere to the Ontario Building Code, which says that any new or considerably renovated building needs to be accessible for people with disabilities,” Minister for Seniors and Accessibility Raymond Cho said in a statement.

“I am reviewing the matter immediately and will be working very closely with my colleague, the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing, as well as my other colleagues who are engaged on this issue on ensuring that we take a full government approach to accessibility.”

Hunny Pot is not the only Ontario dispensary catching criticism for a lack of accessibility. Ottawa’s Fire & Flower is also currently inaccessible to potential clients with mobility issues, although Ottawans have other options at their disposal that are accessible such as Hobo and Superette.

Global reports Fire & Flower spokesperson Nathan Mison says that a “wheelchair ramp, a chair lift, a wider front doorway and wider hallways” were originally planned as part of the store. Because the shop is located in a heritage building, he says, any major renovations would require municipal approval.

As a result, plans to make the store accessible to all clients had to be delayed in order to open by April 1. Because of that, and the tight timeline the company faced before opening day, plans to make the building fully accessible had to be delayed, says Mison, who claims Fire & Flower is working with the city of Ottawa and hopes to have changes implemented over the next few months.

“It’s still in process and we’re still working that through,” he said.

It is unclear whether Hunny Pot or Fire & Flower will face repercussions for flouting provincial disability laws.

Want to keep up to date on what’s happening in the world of cannabis?  Subscribe to the Cannabis Post newsletter for weekly insights into the industry, what insiders will be talking about and content from across the Postmedia Network.

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