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Cannabis : les jeunes plus à risque de dépression et d’idées suicidaires

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C’est ce que révèle une nouvelle étude sur la consommation de cannabis réalisée par une équipe de scientifiques de l’Institut de recherche du Centre universitaire de santé McGill (IR-CUSM) et de l’Université McGill, publiée aujourd’hui dans le journal JAMA Psychiatry.

Les chercheurs ont procédé à une méta-analyse qui a examiné 250 études internationales consacrées à la consommation de cannabis auprès de 23 317 individus.

Ils ont conclu que la consommation de cannabis à l’adolescence pourrait être dommageable pour la santé mentale, même chez les jeunes qui ne présentaient pas de symptômes dépressifs avant de commencer la consommation de cannabis.

Les Canadiens qui ont entre 15 et 25 ans représentent la majorité des consommateurs de cannabis de tous les groupes d’âge, soit entre 20 % et 33 %. À titre comparatif, plus de 20 % des adolescents des États-Unis reconnaissent consommer du cannabis mensuellement.

Rappelons que le cerveau des jeunes se développe jusqu’à l’âge de 25 ans.

« L’étude suggère que le diagnostic de dépression chez environ 7 % des Canadiens et des Américains âgés de 18 à 30 ans est imputable au cannabis, ce qui signifie que 25 000 jeunes Canadiens et 400 000 Américains souffrent de dépression en raison d’une consommation de cannabis à un plus jeune âge », déclare Nancy Mayo, professeure d’épidémiologie clinique à l’Université McGill.

Les pulsions suicidaires

La Dre Gabriella Gobbi, professeure de psychiatrie à la Faculté de médecine de l’Université McGill, s’est dite étonnée par les conclusions sur les comportements suicidaires.

« Concernant le suicide, ce qui nous a surpris énormément en faisant l’étude est que les risques liés à la conduite suicidaire étaient assez élevés, ce qui veut dire qu’un grand pourcentage des tentatives de suicide chez les jeunes dans la vingtaine est lié à la consommation de cannabis », affirme-t-elle.

Les études qu’ont analysées les experts se sont échelonnées sur 30 ans, soit des années 80 aux années 2000. Au fil des années, la concentration de THC présente dans le cannabis s’est accrue.

« Aujourd’hui, on parle de 10, 20, 30 % de THC. On a besoin d’avoir plus d’études pour comprendre l’impact du cannabis d’aujourd’hui avec des concentrations très élevées en THC pour comprendre l’impact sur la consommation des jeunes », indique la Dre Gabriella Gobbi.

Miser sur la prévention

Des chercheurs et intervenants en toxicomanie réclament des campagnes de préventions.

« Il est évident que beaucoup de jeunes gens qui consomment du cannabis courent le risque de développer une dépression et un comportement suicidaire; il est très important pour les autorités d’être plus proactives en matière de campagnes de prévention », poursuit la Dre Gobbi.

Intervenant à la Maison le Portage, un centre de réadaptation en toxicomanie, Sébastien Gagné abonde dans le même sens.

« C’est vraiment d’aller dans l’enseignement je dirais, dans la prévention, et d’afficher cela un peu partout sur Facebook, Snapchat, Instagram, les jeunes sont là-dessus constamment. Je pense que si on prend les réseaux sociaux, je pense que cela pourrait atteindre beaucoup de gens », opine-t-il.

Avec les informations de Solveig Miller

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Ottawa Book Expo 2020 – Authors, Publishers look forward to a top-notch Canadian book fair

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Diversity has always been a complex issue, no matter where you look.Case in point, world-famous writer, Stephen King, has recently come under criticism for his views on diversity. The best-selling author had stated, “I would never consider diversity in matters of art, only quality. It seems to me that to do otherwise would be wrong.” Many criticized the novelist as being out of touch and “ignorant,” but one cannot deny that King’s opinions on diversity, mirror the thoughts of a whole lot of people in the creative industry.

The Toronto Book Expo is coming back in 2020, with a multi-cultural concept that aims to include marginalized authors.  The Expo intends to celebrate literary works of diverse cultural backgrounds, and the entire literary community in Canada is expectant. Book-lovers and writers alike, are invited to three days of uninhibited literary celebration where diverse cultural works will be prioritized. At the event, authors will be allowed to share their culture with a broad audience. The audience will be there specifically to purchase multi-cultural works.

Multicultural literary expos do not come every day. In Canada, there is a noticeable lack of literary events celebrating other cultures. This leads to a significantly lower amount of cultural diversity in the industry. The Toronto Book Expo would aim at giving more recognition to these marginalized voices. Understandably, more recognizable work will be prioritized.

The Toronto Book Expo is making a statement that diversity is needed in the literary community. The statement is truly motivating, especially if you consider the fact that this could mean more culturally diverse works of literature.

There is a lot of noticeable cultural ignorance in literature. This is an issue that needs to be addressed and books are one of the best means of improving multi-cultural diversity in literature. The Toronto Book Expo is going to fully utilize books to fight ignorance in the literary industry.

Real progress cannot be made if there is a substantial amount of ignorant people in the industry. In spite of advancements made in education in recent years, there is still a considerable percentage of adults who remain unable to read and write.The Toronto Book Expo aims to bring awareness to social literacy issues such as illiteracy.

It is important to uphold high literacy levels in the community and to support those who are uneducated. A thriving society cannot be achieved if the community is not able to read their civil liberties and write down their grievances.

The major foundation of a working and dynamic society is entrenched in literature. Literature offers us an understandingof the changes being made to our community.

The event would go on for three days at three different venues. Day 1 would hold at the York University Student & Convention Centre at 15 Library Lane on March 19. Day 2 would be held at the Bram and BlumaAppel Salon Facility on the second floor of the main Toronto Reference Library near Yonge and Bloor Streets in downtown Toronto on March 21 and day 3 of the expo would take place at the internationally famous Roy Thomson Hall.

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A Week In Ottawa, ON, On A $75,300 Salary

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Welcome to Money Diaries, where we’re tackling what might be the last taboo facing modern working women: money. We’re asking millennials how they spend their hard-earned money during a seven-day period — and we’re tracking every last dollar.Attention, Canadians! We’re featuring Money Diaries from across Canada on a regular basis, and we want to hear from you. Submit your Money Diary here.Today: a biologist working in government who makes $75,300 per year and spends some of her money this week on a bathing suit. Occupation: Biologist
Industry: Government
Age: 27
Location: Ottawa, ON
Salary: $75,300
Paycheque Amount (2x/month): $1,930
Gender Identity: Woman

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Ottawa doctor pens nursery rhyme to teach proper handwashing

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An Ottawa doctor has turned to song to teach kids — and adults, for that matter — how to wash their hands to prevent the spread of germs.

Dr. Nisha Thampi, an infectious disease physician at CHEO, the area’s children’s hospital, created a video set to the tune of Frère Jacques and featuring the six-step handwashing method recommended by the World Health Organization.

Thampi’s 25-second rendition, which was co-authored by her daughter and Dr. Yves Longtin, an infectious disease specialist at the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, is featured in the December issue of The BMJ, or British Medical Journal. 

Thampi said as an infectious disease physician and a mother of two, she thinks a lot about germs at home and school.

“I was trying to find a fun way to remember the stuff,” she said. “There are six steps that have been codified by the World Health Organization, but they’re complex and hard to remember.” 

Thampi said she came up with the idea to rewrite the lyrics to the nursery rhyme on World Hand Hygiene Day in May, when she was thinking about how to help people remember the technique. 

She said studies have shown that handwashing is effective in reducing the risk of diarrhea-related illnesses and respiratory diseases. 

“So I’d say it’s one of the most important and easiest things we can do.”

The video includes such often-overlooked steps as “wash the back,” “twirl the tips around” and “thumb attack,” which pays special attention to the first digit.

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