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Canada quietly moves to resolve steel spat with Mexico

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Finance Minister Bill Morneau has quietly reversed a controversial decision to slap a surtax on two types of Mexican steel imports.

Effective Feb. 2, Mexican energy tubular products (such as those used to build pipelines) and wire rod shipments will no longer cost an extra 25 per cent under Canada’s emergency ‘safeguard’ measures.

Steel from other countries that don’t have free trade agreements with Canada will continue to face the extra tax. 

For Mexico alone, new tariff-free thresholds have been set for the 200-day period to which the temporary surtax applies. The 72,820-tonne quota for tubular products and the 16,776-tonne quota for wire rod are based on an average volume of Mexican imports in recent years, plus a bit of growth, according to Morneau’s office.

Surtax already paid by purchasers will be refunded.

“We made those changes in recognition of Canada and Mexico’s mutual rights and obligations under NAFTA,” Morneau’s spokesperson Pierre-Olivier Herbert told CBC News this week. The safeguards, he said, meet the government’s goal of “protecting steel producers from a harmful surge of imports and minimizing trade disruptions for Canadian businesses.”

Canada’s emergency safeguard measures on seven categories of steel imports (just two of them from Mexico) began last October. They were introduced to prevent dumping of steel in Canadian markets in the wake of the United States’ decision to impose 25 per cent tariffs on steel imports.

Mexico strongly objected to being lumped in with other countries, accused Canada of being unfairly protectionist and threatened to retaliate against Canada — possibly by bringing a case before the World Trade Organization (WTO).

The dispute further strained an already-tense Canada–Mexico relationship in the final weeks leading up to the signing of the revised North American trade agreement on Nov. 30.

Both countries failed to persuade the U.S. to lift its steel and aluminum tariffs before the signing. 

Canada’s surtax suggested Mexican steel is unfairly traded, just as Mexico was struggling to prove the opposite to the Americans.

Mexican said the two taxed products represented 20 per cent of Mexico’s global steel exports.

The decision to target tubular products also worried Canada’s energy sector. Already dealing with low commodity prices and layoffs, the energy industry now faced an extra tax on its production inputs as well.

Negotiations that weren’t publicized in the media led to the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between Canada and Mexico on Jan.16.

In that MOU, Mexico agreed to not initiate any trade disputes against Canada on the validity of the safeguards. (Other countries may still do so.)

Mexico also agreed to “immediately attend to any backlog of Canadian steel exports at the Mexican border” and ensure that Canadian exports are not unduly delayed — another way Mexico could have retaliated.

Trade tribunal considering future safeguards

Hearings testing the evidence for and against the emergency safeguards were held at the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (CITT) last month.

Domestic steel producers tried to prove the extra safeguards were protecting their businesses from unfairly-traded cheap foreign steel, while manufacturers and other importers argued the surtaxes had inflated their input costs, putting jobs and entire businesses at risk.

At the conclusion of a 200-day period that started in October, Morneau must decide whether to continue the surtax. The tribunal will make its recommendations later this spring.

The CITT asked for an extra $2.1 million beyond its usual budget to conduct this inquiry, which lasted Jan. 7-24 and produced stacks of submissions.

As arguments before the CITT began on energy tubular products, the Canada–Mexico MOU had not been disclosed. Some of the interested parties learned Mexico cut a deal only after the hearings concluded.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has visited steelworkers all over Canada, including those at this mill in Hamilton, Ont. last March. To date, his government has been unable to convince the U.S. to lift its tariffs on Canadian steel and aluminum. (Mark Blinch/Reuters)

Tenaris, a company that imports steel products from its Mexican production facilities into Canada, laid off an additional 95 Canadian employees at its Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. facility on Jan. 25.

However, it’s not clear there’s a direct relationship between its Mexican business and this decision to cut its Canadian workforce.

“The Trudeau government is out there saying … this is all about protecting Canadian steel jobs,” said Cyndee Todgham Cherniak, a trade lawyer for other clients participating in the safeguards inquiry.

“What you’ve got in the meantime is the energy sector in Alberta having to pay more for Canadian steel, and not being in a position to afford it at this point in time. It’s causing layoffs in the manufacturing sector because they can’t afford the higher price.”

In some cases, it’s now cheaper to import final products from China — even as Chinese imports face tariffs — than to manufacture them in a North American supply chain so burdened with tariffs and surtaxes, she said.

“When you strip it away, it’s about collecting additional revenue at the border on steel that’s needed by Canadians, and passing that cost on to the Canadian consumer and businesses,” she said.

Lucrative for government, but risky?

CBC News has asked the Finance Department several times how much revenue the steel safeguards raised for Canada’s treasury since October. No figures have been released.

Finance has disclosed how much it collected in retaliatory tariffs on U.S. imports: $839 million in the first six months leading up to Dec.31.

For its part, the U.S. treasury collected over US$931 million in duties on Canadian steel imports between June and October alone.

Earlier this month, the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) instigated an anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigation of fabricated structural steel components from Canada, China and Mexico.

Canada previously launched a similar investigation of fabricated steel from other countries, and that appears to have drawn the American industry’s attention, Todgham Cherniak said. In today’s trade climate, it’s not clear that Canada will be able to separate itself from China and Mexico in the Trump administration’s eyes.

The U.S. ITC investigation will compare the price Canadian companies charge U.S. customers to what it costs to produce these steel components (which could be  more now, thanks to this extra taxation on steel inputs) and judge whether such prices are fair.

But the pricing in U.S. sales contracts could predate the tariffs and surtaxes that started in the second half of 2018.

The ITC investigation also could consider whether the Canadian government is unfairly subsidizing Canadian steel components. The federal government’s $2 billion assistance package for steel producers, meanwhile, continues to roll out. 

“We are in an age where the finding of injury in anti-dumping cases involving steel is quite common,” Todgham Cherniak said. “Are [American] steel producers bringing cases because they know they can? Probably.”

The five years of protection a U.S. producer could get from winning a dumping case could outlast the Trump administration’s “national security” tariffs, which are being challenged in WTO arbitration by several countries.

Some U.S. lawmakers also are refusing to vote to ratify the new NAFTA if these steel tariffs remain in place.

“It’s messy,” Todgham Cherniak said.

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List of Tourist Attractions Open Now in Ottawa

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With Ontario now in Step 3 of 2021 three-step plan for reopening, museums and other indoor attractions are allowed to reopen with capacity limited to not exceed 50 per cent capacity indoors and 75 per cent capacity outdoors.

Here is a list of Ottawa attractions you can visit starting July 16th.

Do remember to wear masks and buy tickets in advance.

Parliament Hill

Parliament’s Centre Block and Peace Tower are closed for renovation.

You can join for tours of the Senate of Canada Building (2 Rideau Street), House of Commons at West Block (111 Wellington Street) on Parliament Hill, and East Block at East Block (111 Wellington Street) on Parliament Hill.

When: Grounds open; guided tours of Parliament are suspended through the summer of 2021.
Where: 111 Wellington Street, Downtown Ottawa

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Ottawa performer leapfrogs from gymnastics to Broadway to TV

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A new AppleTV+ series set in a magical town that’s stuck in a neverending 1940s musical includes a pair of Ottawa siblings in the cast. 

Warren Yang and his sister, Ericka Hunter, play two of the singing, dancing residents of the village portrayed in Schmigadoon!, a small-screen series that takes its cues from classic musicals like Brigadoon, Wizard of Oz and Sound of Music, and skewers them with the offbeat comedic mastery of Saturday Night Live. 

In fact, you’ll recognize many of the names from SNL, starting with executive producer Lorne Michaels, creator of the late-night, live-comedy sketch show. Schmigadoon! also stars SNL cast member Cecily Strong and comedian Keegan-Michael Key, who hosted SNL in May. They play a New York couple who get lost on a hike and stumble into a strange town where everyone sings and dances. 

For Yang, a relative newcomer to show-biz, the series marks his television debut. For Hunter, the younger of his two older sisters, it’s the latest in a career path that began with dance lessons as a child more than 30 years ago. She attended Canterbury High School, Ottawa’s arts-focused secondary school. 

“Her dream was always to perform,” said Yang, 34, in an interview. “But that was never the path I thought was an option for me.” 

While his sister studied dance, Yang did gymnastics. He was an elite gymnast throughout his youth, ultimately leaving Merivale High School at 16 to train in Montreal, finishing high school through correspondence courses. He was a member of the Canadian National Team and received a scholarship to study at Penn State, majoring in marketing. 

A few years after graduation, Yang was working at an advertising agency in Toronto when he got a call from a Manhattan number. To his astonishment, they asked if he would be interested in auditioning for a Broadway revival of Miss Saigon.

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COVID-19: uOttawa to require vaccination for students living in residence

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Vaccination will be mandatory for students who want to live in residence at the University of Ottawa this year, with proof of vaccination and at least one dose required before move-in, or within two weeks of doing so if they can’t secure a shot before arriving.

Those who can’t receive a vaccine for “health-related reasons or other grounds protected under the Ontario Human Rights Code” will be able to submit a request for accommodation through the university’s housing portal, according to information on the university’s website.

Students with one dose living in residence will also have to receive their second dose “within the timeframe recommended by Ottawa Public Health.”

People who haven’t been granted an exemption and don’t get vaccinated or submit proof of having done so by the deadlines set out by the school will have their residence agreements terminated, uOttawa warns.

“Medical and health professionals are clear that vaccination is the most (effective) means of protecting people and those around them,” reads a statement provided to this newspaper by uOttawa’s director of strategic communications, Patrick Charette.

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“It is precisely for this reason that the University of Ottawa is requiring all students living in residence for the 2021-2022 academic year to be fully vaccinated. The University recognizes that some students may require accommodations for a variety of reasons and will be treating exceptions appropriately.”

Faculty, staff and students are also strongly encouraged to get vaccinated, the statement notes.

“Ensuring a high vaccine coverage in all communities is critical to ensuring an ongoing decline in cases and ending the pandemic. This will be especially important with the return of students to post-secondary institutions in our region in the fall of 2021.”

Neither Carleton University nor Algonquin College is currently mandating vaccination for students living in residence, according to the websites for both schools. But uOttawa isn’t alone in its policy – Western University, Trent University, Durham College and Fanshawe College have all implemented similar requirements. Seneca College, in the GTA, is going even further, making vaccination mandatory for students and staff to come to campus, in-person, for the fall term.

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