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Les femmes autochtones ont été victimes d’un « génocide tout court », avance la commissaire Audette

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Les femmes autochtones ont été victimes d’un génocide au Canada, soutient la commissaire Michèle Audette, qui entend délaisser le terme « génocide culturel », largement employé depuis la Commission vérité et réconciliation, dans le rapport très attendu de l’Enquête nationale sur les femmes et les filles autochtones disparues et assassinées (ENFFADA).

Si la Commission a reconnu que le Canada s’était rendu responsable d’un « génocide culturel », la commissaire Michèle Audette compte désormais utiliser le terme « génocide », tel que le conçoivent les Nations unies.

« On parle [maintenant] d’un génocide tout court. On va beaucoup plus loin », a assuré la commissaire en entrevue au Téléjournal avec Céline Galipeau, mercredi soir.

En décembre 2015, lors du dépôt de son rapport, la Commission vérité et réconciliation admettait que le gouvernement avait « détruit » et s’était « approprié » ce qui permettait alors aux peuples autochtones d’exister – « ses institutions, son territoire, sa langue et sa culture, sa vie spirituelle ou sa religion et ses familles ». Par définition, il s’agissait alors d’un génocide culturel, pouvait-on y lire.

« Mais lorsqu’on regarde la définition des Nations unies, il est très clair que [la situation des femmes autochtones au Canada] répond aux cinq points qui expliquent ce qu’est un génocide », affirme Mme Audette.

« C’est triste à dire, mais les femmes autochtones ont été affectées par une ou plusieurs formes de génocides, ici, au Canada », assure-t-elle.

Le génocide, selon les Nations unies, se manifeste par :

  • Le meurtre de membres du groupe visé;
  • L’atteinte grave à l’intégrité physique ou mentale des membres du groupe;
  • La soumission intentionnelle du groupe à des conditions de vie entraînant sa destruction physique totale ou partielle;
  • Des mesures visant à entraver les naissances au sein du groupe;
  • Le transfert forcé d’enfants du groupe à un autre groupe. 

Source : Nations Unies, Convention de 1948

Après avoir entendu des milliers de témoignages, les commissaires de l’ENFFADA doivent rendre leur rapport final et formuler des recommandations le 30 avril prochain.

Saluant le courage de celles qui ont osé venir partager leur histoire, Michèle Audette confie que l’expérience l’a laissée « très amère ».

« On voit que le fait d’être femme et de donner vie à une fille, c’est déjà hypothéquer son présent et son avenir. [Surtout s’il s’agit d’une] fille autochtone », ajoute-t-elle.

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List of Tourist Attractions Open Now in Ottawa

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With Ontario now in Step 3 of 2021 three-step plan for reopening, museums and other indoor attractions are allowed to reopen with capacity limited to not exceed 50 per cent capacity indoors and 75 per cent capacity outdoors.

Here is a list of Ottawa attractions you can visit starting July 16th.

Do remember to wear masks and buy tickets in advance.

Parliament Hill

Parliament’s Centre Block and Peace Tower are closed for renovation.

You can join for tours of the Senate of Canada Building (2 Rideau Street), House of Commons at West Block (111 Wellington Street) on Parliament Hill, and East Block at East Block (111 Wellington Street) on Parliament Hill.

When: Grounds open; guided tours of Parliament are suspended through the summer of 2021.
Where: 111 Wellington Street, Downtown Ottawa

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Ottawa performer leapfrogs from gymnastics to Broadway to TV

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A new AppleTV+ series set in a magical town that’s stuck in a neverending 1940s musical includes a pair of Ottawa siblings in the cast. 

Warren Yang and his sister, Ericka Hunter, play two of the singing, dancing residents of the village portrayed in Schmigadoon!, a small-screen series that takes its cues from classic musicals like Brigadoon, Wizard of Oz and Sound of Music, and skewers them with the offbeat comedic mastery of Saturday Night Live. 

In fact, you’ll recognize many of the names from SNL, starting with executive producer Lorne Michaels, creator of the late-night, live-comedy sketch show. Schmigadoon! also stars SNL cast member Cecily Strong and comedian Keegan-Michael Key, who hosted SNL in May. They play a New York couple who get lost on a hike and stumble into a strange town where everyone sings and dances. 

For Yang, a relative newcomer to show-biz, the series marks his television debut. For Hunter, the younger of his two older sisters, it’s the latest in a career path that began with dance lessons as a child more than 30 years ago. She attended Canterbury High School, Ottawa’s arts-focused secondary school. 

“Her dream was always to perform,” said Yang, 34, in an interview. “But that was never the path I thought was an option for me.” 

While his sister studied dance, Yang did gymnastics. He was an elite gymnast throughout his youth, ultimately leaving Merivale High School at 16 to train in Montreal, finishing high school through correspondence courses. He was a member of the Canadian National Team and received a scholarship to study at Penn State, majoring in marketing. 

A few years after graduation, Yang was working at an advertising agency in Toronto when he got a call from a Manhattan number. To his astonishment, they asked if he would be interested in auditioning for a Broadway revival of Miss Saigon.

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COVID-19: uOttawa to require vaccination for students living in residence

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Vaccination will be mandatory for students who want to live in residence at the University of Ottawa this year, with proof of vaccination and at least one dose required before move-in, or within two weeks of doing so if they can’t secure a shot before arriving.

Those who can’t receive a vaccine for “health-related reasons or other grounds protected under the Ontario Human Rights Code” will be able to submit a request for accommodation through the university’s housing portal, according to information on the university’s website.

Students with one dose living in residence will also have to receive their second dose “within the timeframe recommended by Ottawa Public Health.”

People who haven’t been granted an exemption and don’t get vaccinated or submit proof of having done so by the deadlines set out by the school will have their residence agreements terminated, uOttawa warns.

“Medical and health professionals are clear that vaccination is the most (effective) means of protecting people and those around them,” reads a statement provided to this newspaper by uOttawa’s director of strategic communications, Patrick Charette.

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“It is precisely for this reason that the University of Ottawa is requiring all students living in residence for the 2021-2022 academic year to be fully vaccinated. The University recognizes that some students may require accommodations for a variety of reasons and will be treating exceptions appropriately.”

Faculty, staff and students are also strongly encouraged to get vaccinated, the statement notes.

“Ensuring a high vaccine coverage in all communities is critical to ensuring an ongoing decline in cases and ending the pandemic. This will be especially important with the return of students to post-secondary institutions in our region in the fall of 2021.”

Neither Carleton University nor Algonquin College is currently mandating vaccination for students living in residence, according to the websites for both schools. But uOttawa isn’t alone in its policy – Western University, Trent University, Durham College and Fanshawe College have all implemented similar requirements. Seneca College, in the GTA, is going even further, making vaccination mandatory for students and staff to come to campus, in-person, for the fall term.

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