In 2016, Bernie Sanders started what he called a “revolution” as an independent candidate. He ran for US president on a platform of progressive ideas such as free healthcare for all, but eventually lost the Democratic nomination to Hillary Clinton.
The 77-year-old is making a second attempt, launching his campaign to be Democratic candidate in 2020 and believes he still has what it takes to win the White House.
He has described Donald Trump as the most dangerous president in modern American history.
The list for the Democratic primary looks a crowded one and one of the most diverse ever. At least 12 candidates so far have confirmed they’ll run – dozens more have still to decide.
There are already a record number of women, vast age differences between candidates, and ethnic minorities.
But have any of them got what it will take to face up to Trump?
Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra
Jeffrey Stacey – former State Department official in the Obama administration
Adam Quinn – senior lecturer in American Politics, University of Birmingham
Ottawa’s 13-stop, 12.5-kilometre Confederation Line has been
under construction for more than six years and missed four deadlines.
than 50 years ago, the City of Montreal managed to build a
complex, 26-stop subway system — including a connection below the St.
Lawrence River — in less than five years, on time and on budget.
So how was Montreal able to pull off a project twice the size, and do it in less time?
1. Keeping deadlines
City of Montreal designed and built its $213-million Metro with an eye
on Expo 67, and in a 1963 interview then mayor Jean Drapeau promised the
rubber-tired subway would be ready in time and on budget.
Drapeau delivered, and the Metro opened in 1966.
Mayor Jim Watson made no such promises. However, he had originally
hoped to have the above-ground portion of the Confederation Line
completed by Canada Day 2017, and for the trains to be up and running by
the following spring.
The Rideau Street sinkhole put a wrench in those plans.
2. Different safety standards
to Benoît Clairoux, the Montreal Transit Corporation’s unofficial
historian, 70 per cent of the Metro’s tunnels were blasted through the
rock using explosives. The rest involved ripping up streets or vacant
Ottawa’s $2.1-billion system is less disruptive, at least on
the surface: its 2.5-kilometre tunnel was dug entirely with three
subterranean boring machines.
The Montreal project was also marred
by a series of serious construction accidents, claiming the lives of 12
workers before the first trains ran.
With more stringent safety standards, the Confederation Line project has seen a few injuries, but no fatalities.
want to ensure that during construction and after, we always have
something safe and reliable,” said OC Transpo spokesperson André
3. Different technology
might assume that as technology advances, the length of time it takes
to complete such major infrastructure projects shrinks. But you’d be
According to Brisebois, the Confederation Line is a much
more sophisticated system than the Montreal Metro when it was first
In 1966, human operators controlled the Metro trains.
When Ottawa’s LRT system finally opens its doors to passengers, human
operators will still be in the driver’s seat, but machines will be
running the system.
Everything is computerized, but that takes
more time to develop, install and to test. OC Transpo said it doesn’t
want to compromise the safety and efficiency of its LRT network.
4. Public vs. private
beginning to end, the City of Montreal was the prime contractor on its
Metro project. Ottawa hired a private consortium, Rideau Transit Group
University of Ottawa law professor Gilles LeVasseur said
there’s an assumption the private sector is more effective at managing
projects and reducing costs, but that’s not always the case.
Just ask the City of Ottawa.
trust the private sector because the private sector makes promises,
with delivery and deadlines that seem very attractive. The problem is
that they’re often not able to meet the requirements, and are always
asking for delays,” LeVasseur said in French.
The latest deadline for Ottawa’s light rail project is now August.
Workers were expecting their final paycheques Wednesday, but have been told they’ll have to wait until Friday.
The company’s president and CEO, Andrew Shouldice, did not return calls from CBC.
Challenge for municipalities
closure poses a major challenge for municipalities from Renfrew to
Arnprior that relied on the company to pick up and sort their recycling.
Beaumen had contracts with Renfrew, Arnprior, Horton, Admaston/Bromley, McNab/Braeside and Whitewater Region.
The City of Brockville also sent some of its blue box material to the plant for sorting.
Reeve Peter Emon said he was shocked by the sudden closure. Emon said
he was part of a delegation of municipal officials who toured the plant
just three weeks ago, and there was no hint it was about to close.
Reeve of Renfrew shocked to find out recycling plant has closed
Reeve of Renfrew shocked to find out recycling plant has closed 0:43
there had been signs in the past that the company was struggling, Emon
said. Last year the company urged the Town of Renfrew to up its per
household pickup fee in order to generate an extra $60,000, he said.
“[Beaumen’s president] said, ‘Look, I’m having difficulties,'” Emon said. According to Emon, Shouldice cited China’s strict new rules restricting the import of foreign waste.
“We agreed at that point to increase our payment to him, so we were a bit surprised that this happened,” Emon said.
Scramble for new facility
the time being, Renfrew residents are being asked to hang onto their
recyclable waste, but town officials are worried their patience will
wear thin and all that plastic, glass and paper will end up in the local
Renfrew resident Ray Yolkowskie said he’s uncomfortable
with the idea of throwing recylcables in the trash, but he’s not going
to let it pile up forever.
“It’s going to be a lot more garbage in the dump, but what can you do?” he said.
Earlier this month, the Association of Municipalities of Ontario applauded the Ontario government’s initiative to examine how manufacturers can be made more responsible for the cost of municipal blue box programs.
Ukraine’s new president will visit Toronto next week for a major
international conference on his country’s future that Canada is hosting,
and where he will meet Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
Trudeau’s office said he and Volodymyr Zelenskiy will discuss
Ukraine’s reform efforts and its path toward integration with Europe.
Zelenskiy, a popular actor and comedian, but a political neophyte,
ran away with this spring’s presidential election, unseating Petro
He is now tasked with guiding his country through its ongoing
conflict with Russia, which annexed Ukraine’s Crimea region in 2014 and
fomented a pro-Kremlin insurgency in the country’s east that has left
more than 13,000 dead.
The Ukraine Reform Conference is a three-day gathering that begins
Tuesday, which the government said will include key international
friends and partners to support Ukraine.
Trudeau said in a statement that he wants to use the meeting with
Zelenskiy to reaffirm Canada’s deep commitment to the Ukrainian people.
“Canada and Ukraine share a deep and historic friendship built on
shared values and strong people-to-people bonds,” said Trudeau.
Ben Rowswell, the president of the Canadian International Council,
said the conference will underscore the West’s and Canada’s commitment
to Ukraine in the face of Russian aggression.
“Canada has been a real stalwart defender of democracy in Ukraine,
part of a broader approach we have to the international order to ensure
that countries, even if they’re very close to Russia are able maintain
their sovereignty and to operate as democracies free from the
interference of hostile foreign powers like Russia,” said Rowswell, who
most recently served as Canada’s last ambassador to Venezuela.
Canada became the first Western country to recognize Ukraine’s
independence in 1991 after the fall of the Soviet Union. Canada has
supplied it with $785 million worth of military, legal, financial,
development and political assistance since 2014 when President Vladimir
Putin tried to bring the country back into Russia’s sphere of influence
as Ukraine was poised to deepen its integration with the European Union.
With the federal election set for October, Ukraine’s turmoil has
implications for Canada’s domestic politics: the 1.3 million Canadians
of Ukrainian descent comprise one of the country’s most influential
That reality was not lost of on the Conservatives under former prime
minister Stephen Harper, who visited Kyiv repeatedly and sent special
teams of Canadian election monitors to support Ukraine’s various ballots
over the years.
The Trudeau government has followed suit. Foreign Affairs Minister
Chrystia Freeland’s own Ukrainian heritage has helped keep the country
near the top of her agenda.
Freeland was one of the first Western politicians to visit Zelenskiy in Kyiv after he was declared the victor last month.
A senior Canadian official who was in the room for their meeting, but
was not authorized to speak for attribution, said that while the new
president and his entourage have little political experience, Canada
isn’t worried he will shift Ukraine back towards the Kremlin and away
from Canada and its western allies.
Zelenskiy is frequently compared with former U.S. president Ronald
Reagan, who went from being a Hollywood actor to the California
governorship before winning the Oval Office.
Though Zelenskiy lacks political experience, the long-running
political satire in which he portrayed a fictional Ukraine president
demonstrated a well-researched and sophisticated understanding of
politics and corruption, the Canadian official said, comparing him to
Canada’s Rick Mercer.
Canada has offered Zelenskiy’s officials training on how to actually run a government because they lack experience and are running a country whose institutions are not as strong as those in the West.