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Baby boom for endangered right whales offer researchers a glimmer of hope

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Kevin Bissett, The Canadian Press


Published Thursday, February 21, 2019 9:29AM EST

After years of increasingly bad news, there’s a glimmer of hope for the beleaguered North Atlantic right whale.

There are estimated to be fewer than 420 of the endangered mammals left, and their ranks have been decimated as deaths far outpaced live births — there were no births at all during last winter’s calving season.

But researchers have reported seeing seven right whale calves so far this winter off the southern U.S. coast, where the mammals spend their winters before coming north to Canada as temperatures warm.

“Seven is definitely better than last year,” said Barb Zoodsma, a fisheries biologist with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

“Last year was dismal with zero, and the year before that, there were five. However when you look at the average number of calves produced in any given year for the last 10 years it has been just under 17 mom-calf pairs. Although we’re at seven, we’re not at the average level yet,” she said.

The right whale is one of the largest mammals in the sea, and among the most imperilled.

Populations have only slightly rebounded from the whaling era, when the blubber-rich baleen whale nearly became extinct.

Zoodsma said the seventh calf was confirmed last week.

She said they hope to see more calves between now and the end of the calving season, around mid-April.

“Keep in mind we’re on the tail end of an unusual mortality event where we had 18 right whales that died in just a few short years. Seven doesn’t make up that number, so we have a ways to go yet,” she said in an interview from Fernandina Beach, Fla.

Zoodsma said healthy females have a calf every three or four years, but recently that has dropped to an average of every 10 years.

She said it’s believed a number of factors are to blame, including the shifting location of food sources, and stresses imposed by fishing gear and large vessels.

Laurie Murison, executive director of the Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station, said food supply is a huge factor.

“If the females are not getting enough to eat they will not be reproducing,” she said.

She said the number of new calves may be an indication of the supply of zooplankton in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

“It does give us some promise that the food supply is getting better than it was. As well, there were a lot of social interactions that were observed in the Gulf of St. Lawrence last summer, so that bodes well for next year,” Murison said.

“I’m hoping that we’re on the upturn now and will be looking at more calves.”

The best year on record for calves was 2008-2009, when 39 were spotted, and Zoodsma said they’d love to see numbers like that again.

Right whales typically migrate from the North Atlantic to give birth off the coasts of Georgia and Florida from December through March.

They then head back north to feed off Canada’s East Coast during the summer months.

In 2017, 12 North Atlantic right whales were found dead in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

Necropsies on seven of those whales found four died from trauma consistent with vessel collisions while two deaths were the result of entanglement in fishing gear.

Ottawa, fearing the permanent loss of Canada’s Marine Stewardship Council certification for the southern Gulf snow crab fishery and additional trade and eco-certification impacts, responded with sharp restrictions on fishing and vessel speeds.

The Department of Fisheries and Oceans recently announced rules for 2019 — building upon rules in place in the Gulf last year, when none of the endangered mammals were found dead in Canadian waters.

Beginning April 28, the government will reintroduce mandatory speed restrictions for vessels 20 metres or longer when travelling in the western Gulf.

Ships will continue to be allowed to travel at safe operational speeds in parts of two shipping lanes north and south of Anticosti Island, when no whales are in the area.

But the area with mandatory speed restrictions will be adjusted this year to reflect data on right whale sightings and to minimize the impact on the cruise chip and shipping industries.

Ottawa is also reducing by half the protection area for the season-long closure to the snow crab and lobster fisheries, to reflect where 90 per cent of right whales were spotted last year during prime fishing season.

The United States government also extended the duration of a protected area off of Massachusetts to the middle of February to try to keep the right whales safe.

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More groups join in support of women in STEM program at Carleton

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OTTAWA — Major companies and government partners are lending their support to Carleton University’s newly established Women in Engineering and Information Technology Program.

The list of supporters includes Mississauga-based construction company EllisDon.

The latest to announce their support for the program also include BlackBerry QNX, CIRA (Canadian Internet Registration Authority), Ericsson, Nokia, Solace, Trend Micro, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, CGI, Gastops, Leonardo DRS, Lockheed Martin Canada, Amdocs and Ross.

The program is officially set to launch this September.

It is being led by Carleton’s Faculty of Engineering and Design with the goal of establishing meaningful partnerships in support of women in STEM.  

The program will host events for women students to build relationships with industry and government partners, create mentorship opportunities, as well as establish a special fund to support allies at Carleton in meeting equity, diversity and inclusion goals.

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VR tech to revolutionize commercial driver training

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Serious Labs seems to have found a way from tragedy to triumph? The Edmonton-based firm designs and manufactures virtual reality simulators to standardize training programs for operators of heavy equipment such as aerial lifts, cranes, forklifts, and commercial trucks. These simulators enable operators to acquire and practice operational skills for the job safety and efficiency in a risk-free virtual environment so they can work more safely and efficiently.

The 2018 Humboldt bus catastrophe sent shock waves across the industry. The tragedy highlighted the need for standardized commercial driver training and testing. It also contributed to the acceleration of the federal government implementing a Mandatory Entry-Level Training (MELT) program for Class 1 & 2 drivers currently being adopted across Canada. MELT is a much more rigorous standard that promotes safety and in-depth practice for new drivers.

Enter Serious Labs. By proposing to harness the power of virtual reality (VR), Serious Labs has earned considerable funding to develop a VR commercial truck driving simulator.

The Government of Alberta has awarded $1 million, and Emissions Reduction Alberta (ERA) is contributing an additional $2 million for the simulator development. Commercial deployment is estimated to begin in 2024, with the simulator to be made available across Canada and the United States, and with the Alberta Motor Transport Association (AMTA) helping to provide simulator tests to certify that driver trainees have attained the appropriate standard. West Tech Report recently took the opportunity to chat with Serious Labs CEO, Jim Colvin, about the environmental and labour benefits of VR Driver Training, as well as the unique way that Colvin went from angel investor to CEO of the company.

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Next-Gen Tech Company Pops on New Cover Detection Test

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While the world comes out of the initial stages of the pandemic, COVID-19 will be continue to be a threat for some time to come. Companies, such as Zen Graphene, are working on ways to detect the virus and its variants and are on the forefronts of technology.

Nanotechnology firm ZEN Graphene Solutions Ltd. (TSX-Venture:ZEN) (OTCPK:ZENYF), is working to develop technology to help detect the COVID-19 virus and its variants. The firm signed an exclusive agreement with McMaster University to be the global commercializing partner for a newly developed aptamer-based, SARS-CoV-2 rapid detection technology.

This patent-pending technology uses clinical samples from patients and was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. The test is considered extremely accurate, scalable, saliva-based, affordable, and provides results in under 10 minutes.

Shares were trading up over 5% to $3.07 in early afternoon trade.

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