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French president plans measures to tackle anti-Semitism | News





French President Emmanuel Macron has announced measures including legislation to combat online hate speech, adding that the scourge of anti-Semitism has grown in recent years.

“Our country, and for that matter all of Europe and most Western democracies, seems to be facing a resurgence of anti-Semitism unseen since World War II,” Macron said on Wednesday.

France, home to Europe’s biggest Jewish community, is reeling after a string of attacks that have made global headlines.

New legislation will be introduced in May to force social media companies to withdraw hate speech posted online and use all available means to identify the authors “as quickly as possible”.

Zionism emerged as a modern settler-colonial, nationalist movement which, in the forms it has been exercised by the Israeli state, is incompatible with universal human rights and international law

Dr Denijal Jegic, a researcher with Muftah

Addressing the annual dinner of the Representative Council of French Jewish Institutions (CRIF), the French leader pledged that he will recognise anti-Zionism as a modern form of anti-Semitism.

“Behind the negation of Israel’s existence, what is hiding is the hatred of Jews,” said Macron.

French president added that anti-Semitism is based on “radical Islamism” as a rampant ideology in France’s multiethnic, poor neighbourhoods.

‘Incompatible with universal human rights’

“Macron’s comments imply a false and dangerous equation of Zionism and Judaism,” said Dr Denijal Jegic, a researcher with Muftah – a Middle East-focused publication.

“Zionism emerged as a modern settler-colonial, nationalist movement which, in the forms it has been exercised by the Israeli state, is incompatible with universal human rights and international law,” he said.

On Tuesday, Macron visited a Jewish graveyard in the Alsace region where 80 gravestones were vandalised and painted with swastikas, the symbol of Nazi Germany, while thousands of people across the country demonstrated against anti-Semitism.

The episode is one of many that shook France in the past weeks. A torrent of hate speech was directed at Jewish philosopher Alain Finkielkraut during a Saturday march by yellow vest protesters.

The insults included words like “Zionist!” and “Go back to Tel Aviv!” and “We are France!”

The number of anti-Semitic attacks in France has jumped recently, rising by 74 percent year on year in 2018, to reach 541.

‘Definition of anti-Semitism’

The government will adopt an international organisation’s definition of anti-Semitism drawn up by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA), the French president said.

The definition states that anti-Semitism can take the form of “denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination, eg, by claiming that the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavour”.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu expressed his appreciation at France’s adoption of the international definition of anti-Semitism, in a phone call with the French leader before the speech, Netanyahu’s office said.

However, since the intergovernmental organisation approved the wording in 2016, some critics of Israel have raised their concerns as it could be used to suppress Palestinian rights activists.

The IHRA code has been challenged as well by groups such as the ACLU and Jewish Voice for Peace.

Twitter criticised

Macron said a similar bill already in force in Germany was efficient and pragmatic.

The German law states that hate speech must be removed from websites within 24 hours of being reported and in certain cases can result in millions of euros in fines.

The French president denounced Twitter, in particular, for waiting days, sometimes weeks, to remove hate content.

He also said he had asked Interior Minister Christophe Castaner to dissolve groups or associations that incite hatred or violence.

Al Jazeera and news agencies


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Egan: The longest yard — $300 to deliver packages final three feet





Even before the pandemic began, almost everything was being delivered to the door — from a Big Mac to a big screen TV — any day, any waking hour.

Lockdowns and crowd avoidance only accelerated the trend, so that any urban neighbourhood is being daily criss-crossed with vehicles delivering any desire that can be bound in a cardboard box, even a mattress.

So, there are bound to be quirks and surprises.

In November, Brigitte McCauley-Philion, 36, ordered 85 packages of flooring from Lowe’s, the home improvement giant, enough to do most of the three-bedroom house in Beacon Hill South.

It wasn’t cheap. The total came in just shy of $1,400. Because of the quantity and weight, she carefully checked the delivery restrictions and agreed to pay $70 to have the laminate flooring delivered.

As she was later negotiating the delivery date and time, there came a shock.

The $70 would only bring the flooring to the curb side. If she wanted it inside the house, it would cost an extra $3 per package, times 85, plus tax, or something creeping towards $300.

“My main reaction was: $3 a box to bring it 3 feet?,” she wrote Friday. “So why did I pay a delivery fee? $300 to have my flooring delivered into home is absolutely crazy!”

McCauley-Philion, who is severely hearing impaired, says she appealed to various managers to make sure she understood the conditions. Did delivery not mean inside the house? After all, she reasoned, if she could carry 85 bundles inside the home, she wouldn’t need the delivery in the first place.

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Are the Proud Boys terrorists? Ottawa considers listing white supremacist groups alongside al-Qaida, Islamic State





OTTAWA—Canada’s national security agencies are “very actively” monitoring white supremacist groups and are considering designating more of them as terrorist organizations, Public Safety Minister Bill Blair says.

Blair’s office said in a statement Sunday that intelligence and law enforcement agencies were actively gathering evidence to list white supremacist groups like the Proud Boys as terrorist organizations — a designation that would place them on the same level as al-Qaida and the Islamic State group.

“We strongly denounce ideologically motivated extremists including groups like the Proud Boys, white supremacists, (anti-Semites), Islamophobic and misogynist groups,” wrote Mary-Liz Power, a spokesperson for Blair’s office, in a statement to the Star.

“Intolerance and hate have no place in our society.”

Blair’s comments, first made in an interview with CTV News on Sunday, show a remarkable change in how federal authorities view the threat posed by white nationalists and far-right extremists in the last few years.

Canada’s domestic intelligence agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), abandoned a rolling investigation into far-right groups in 2016. After the deadly 2018 shooting at a Quebec City mosque by a man believed to be influenced by far-right voices online, that investigation was reopened.

Across western democracies — including the U.S. and U.K. —intelligence agencies have warned the threat of domestic far-right extremism is growing.

In 2019, the federal government listed two white supremacist groups — Blood & Honour and Combat 18 — as terrorist entities, the first far-right extremist groups given that designation by Canada.

Now, in the wake of last week’s violent sacking of the U.S. Capitol building, more white supremacists groups may join that list — which would empower financial institutions to freeze the groups’ assets, and make it a crime to deal with them.

The Proud Boys — a “western chauvinist” group spawned by a former Canadian far-right media personality — were front and centre in that riot. Famously told to “stand back and stand by” by President Donald Trump last year, the loosely organized movement has become a poster child for right-wing extremism in North America.

While the exact makeup of the mob is unknowable, the Proud Boys clearly had a presence in Wednesday’s assault on the Capitol building. Several have been identified by American media, and the group’s leader was arrested in Washington two days before the riot.

Blair’s office stressed that the listing of terrorist organizations is not a “political exercise.” Rather, the designation of a group requires evidence and intelligence, and follows a legal process.

“Such listings send a strong message that Canada will not tolerate such acts of violence,” Power wrote.

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Cafeteria chefs pivot as pandemic hollows out office towers





When Ottawa’s office buildings quickly emptied out near the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the cafeterias reliant on throngs of nine-to-five workers were left behind.

But while many shut down, some have found ways to stay afloat, in part through creativity and in part through loyal customers. 

“It was a big shock for us,” Juan Dominguez, chef at the cafeteria for Canadian Blood Services’ corporate office, told CBC Radio’s All In A Day on Friday. 

“One day you’re working and the next day you’re out of there.”

Before the pandemic, Dominguez would send weekly menus out directly to his customers. 

Then, when the office tower’s employees started working from home, they began using that channel to reach out directly to tell him how much they missed his food.

“I was really shocked and surprised and happy at the same time,” he said.

‘Grateful’ for loyal customers

Dominguez continued to send out menus — adding some combos to better accommodate entire families stuck together at home — and now people who place orders can pick them up from the corporate office’s backdoor.

It’s important to be able to reinvent oneself, he said, and never give up.

“Honestly, like, I’m so grateful for all the support that we receive from our customers and for all the relationships that we create with them since day one, [even before] the pandemic,” he said. 

Decided to grow side business

Resa Solomon-St. Lewis also lost her steady stream of customers when the pandemic hit — and unlike Dominguez, didn’t have a way to reach them by email.

So the owner of Capital Fare Cafe, located inside a medical building along Montreal Road, chose to focus more on her side gig: a Caribbean-influenced catering business called Baccanalle

“It really didn’t have a sign or a shingle on the door,” she said. “It had more of an internet presence.”

While Solomon-St. Lewis would like to return to the cafeteria, that can only happen when foot traffic is back to normal, she said.

For now, she hopes to expand Baccanalle, which allows her to focus on her love of Caribbean food.  

“I have a lot of gratitude, especially to my team because we wouldn’t be here without them,” she said. “And they’ve been resilient and adaptable. And I’m really appreciative of the customers that have stayed with us… and the new customers that we’ve acquired.” 

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