Connect with us

Headlines

Le glyphosate et les pesticides « tueurs d’abeilles » de plus en plus présents dans l’eau au Québec

Editor

Published

on

[ad_1]

Le Québec peine à freiner la croissance de l’utilisation des pesticides. Plusieurs produits, parmi les plus à risque pour l’environnement et la santé, sont encore omniprésents dans les cours d’eau agricoles de la province.

Les résultats montrent une tendance à la hausse des concentrations de l’herbicide glyphosate dans les milliers d’échantillons prélevés entre 2015 et 2017.

« L’augmentation est significative », note l’auteure du rapport, Isabelle Giroux, directrice de l’information sur les milieux aquatiques au ministère de l’Environnement, en entrevue à Radio-Canada.

Près de 98 % des prélèvements ont révélé la présence de glyphosate, tout en respectant les critères de qualité de l’eau dans la plupart des cas.

Explosion de l’utilisation du glyphosate

Le glyphosate est l’herbicide le plus appliqué dans le monde pour éliminer les mauvaises herbes et le Québec ne fait pas exception.

Entre 1992 et 2016, la superficie des champs de maïs et de soya traités avec cet herbicide a été multipliée par 10.

En 2016, 1 750 000 hectares ont reçu du glyphosate, soit 36 fois la taille de l’île de Montréal.

L’auteure du rapport écrit : « Puisque les superficies totales de maïs et de soya sont de 745 000 hectares [au Québec], on en déduit que le produit a pu être utilisé plus d’une fois sur les champs en culture ou encore à une dose plus élevée que la dose moyenne ».

Évolution des concentrations de glyphosate dans différentes rivières.Évolution des concentrations de glyphosate dans différentes rivières. Photo : Rapport du MELCC

« On est inquiets, réagit Nadine Bachand, chargée de projet Pesticides et produits toxiques chez Équiterre. Il faut vraiment aller vers une interdiction des substances les plus dangereuses et on demande à ce que le glyphosate soit placé sur une liste de pesticides à usage restreint au Québec. »

C’est un échec des stratégies qu’on a mises en place jusqu’ici.

Nadine Bachand, chargée de projet Pesticides et produits toxiques chez Équiterre.

Le gouvernement du Québec s’est donné comme objectif de réduire de 25 % l’impact des pesticides sur la santé et l’environnement d’ici 2021 par rapport à 2006-2008, mais c’est le contraire qui est en train de se produire.

Les pesticides « tueurs d’abeilles » dépassent les normes

Notre journaliste tient dans ses mains une poignée de grains de pesticides néonicotinoïdes. Des pesticides néonicotinoïdes utilisés au Canada Photo : Radio-Canada

Non seulement les insecticides néonicotinoïdes se retrouvent dans près de 100 % des échantillons, mais en plus, ils dépassent la plupart du temps les critères de qualité de l’eau pour la protection des espèces aquatiques, constate le rapport.

Entre 2015 à 2017, deux des trois insecticides « tueurs d’abeilles » ont dépassé les normes dans 79 à 100 % des cas. Le troisième dans 30 % des cas.

Depuis 2011, au Québec, presque toutes les semences de maïs et la moitié des semences de soya sont traitées avec des néonics. Une étude a démontré que beaucoup d’agriculteurs les utilisent inutilement.

L’utilisation des néonics sera encadrée dès avril 2019 au Québec. Les agriculteurs devront obtenir la prescription d’un agronome pour en faire l’usage.

Quelques bonnes nouvelles

L’herbicide atrazine est moins présent qu’avant dans les échantillons d’eau. Considéré par le gouvernement comme le pesticide le plus à risque, à la fois pour la santé et l’environnement, il a tout de même été détecté dans 95,7 % des échantillons en 2017.

Les concentrations de dicamba et de 2,4-D sont aussi à la baisse.

Après un record en 2014, les quantités de pesticides vendues au Québec ont diminué en 2015 et 2016 pour atteindre leur niveau de 2013. On commercialise encore plus de 4000 tonnes d’ingrédients actifs par année dans la province.

Autre bonne nouvelle, le ministère de l’Environnement a accepté, sans tarder, de nous accorder une entrevue avec la fonctionnaire responsable du rapport, ce qui n’avait pas été possible lors de la précédente publication, en 2015.

Des traces de pesticides dans les puits d’eau potable

Une agricultrice se protège avant d'épandre des pesticides.Les agriculteurs sont les premiers touchés par les effets des pesticides. Photo : Radio-Canada / Thomas Gerbet

En 2015 et 2016, 52 puits individuels ont été échantillonnés par le ministère près de champs en cultures de maïs et de soya. Des pesticides ont été détectés dans sept puits (13,5 %).

Le ministère a retrouvé neuf produits différents, dont le glyphosate, l’atrazine et des néonicotinoïdes. « Les concentrations mesurées sont faibles et respectent largement les normes », précise le rapport.

Les agriculteurs utilisent les pesticides pour lutter contre les mauvaises herbes et les insectes ravageurs afin d’obtenir de meilleurs rendements, limiter les pertes et gagner du temps.

Les producteurs qui vivent à proximité des champs sont aussi les premiers touchés par les effets de ces produits.

L’UPA demande un véritable plan vert agricole

Dans un communiqué de presse visant à réagir à ce nouveau rapport, jeudi, l’Union des producteurs agricoles (UPA) réclame une augmentation significative des budgets gouvernementaux dévolus à la recherche, l’accompagnement et le transfert de connaissances en agroenvironnement.

« L’actualité des dernières semaines démontre que les Québécois s’interrogent sur le recours aux pesticides en agriculture, dit le président de l’UPA, Marcel Groleau. Les producteurs agricoles du Québec souhaitent donner suite à ce questionnement. »

L’industrie des pesticides critique le rapport du ministère

« Les concentrations de tous les pesticides dans l’eau demeurent très faibles », souligne le PDG de CropLife Canada, Pierre Petelle, qui représente les manufacturiers et les distributeurs, comme Bayer – qui a racheté Monsanto – ou Syngenta.

Le représentant de l’industrie critique la méthodologie utilisée : « Le gouvernement a modifié le seuil de mesure de la présence de néonics dans l’eau depuis son dernier rapport. Changer les seuils, sans raison valable, est totalement injuste pour les agriculteurs. »

Malgré la façon déroutante dont les données sont rapportées, il ressort que les producteurs québécois utilisent les néonics d’une manière responsable et qui ne menace pas l’environnement.

Pierre Petelle, PDG de CropLife.

En ce qui concerne le glyphosate, Pierre Petelle affirme qu’il a « un très faible niveau de toxicité », précisant que « l’utilisation du glyphosate apporte d’importants avantages au Québec, en contribuant notamment à la conservation des sols, à la séquestration du carbone et à la réduction des gaz à effet de serre ». Et d’ajouter : « Nous encourageons l’industrie et les producteurs agricoles à travailler ensemble pour s’assurer que tous les pesticides, y compris le glyphosate, sont utilisés selon les directives qui figurent sur leur étiquette, afin d’atténuer les risques et de protéger la santé des humains et de l’environnement. »

[ad_2]

Source link

قالب وردپرس

Headlines

Ottawa one of the most expensive cities in the country to ride public transit

Editor

Published

on

By

With a long anticipated fare hike set to kick in on Tuesday, Ottawa remains one of the most expensive cities in the country for public transit.

On October 1st, the price for a monthly transit pass will rise another 2.5%, from $116 per month, to $119.

A survey of monthly transit fare passes across the country, confirms that riding the bus or the rails in Ottawa is more expensive than similar sized cities with much larger transit systems.

An east-bound OTrain pulls in to Rideau Station on the Confederation Line of the Light Rail Transit system in Ottawa, ON.

A 2.5% fare increase that was set to come into effect in January officially kicks in October 1, 2019. The fare was frozen until after the LRT launched.

Edmonton LRT system includes 18 stations on two different lines for a total of 24 kilometres of track, more than double Ottawa’s current distance

For instance, Edmonton’s monthly transit pass currently costs riders just $97 a month.

And Edmonton’s LRT system is much larger than Ottawa’s new Confederation Line.  Edmonton includes 18 stations on two different lines for a total of 24 kilometres of track, more than double Ottawa’s current distance.  

Edmonton’s population is roughly the same as Ottawa’s, about one million people.

Calgary, is slightly more expensive at $106 per month.  

But Calgary’s system is much larger and more spread out, reaching all four quadrants of the city including over 45 stations, and 60 kilometres.  

Ottawa’s new price for a monthly pass will be slightly less than Vancouver’s. Riders there pay $131 a month for “two zone” access, which covers all trains and buses in Vancouver proper and the major suburbs.

The most expensive transit pass in Canada is the TTC in Toronto. Riders there pay $151.15 a month.

The public transit bargain in Canada remains Montreal.  Regular riders there pay just $86.50 a month for a pass.

Continue Reading

Headlines

Ottawa woman creates Facebook group to connect new moms online and in person

Editor

Published

on

By

An Ottawa mom who started a social media group to connect with other new parents after having her first child now has a growing group of new friends.

Brianna Chapman says she decided to found the Facebook group Dope Moms of Ottawa to combat the isolation she felt even before her baby was born.

“When I found out I was pregnant, it kind of really started to hit home for me that I was gonna be alone on maternity leave,” Chapman said.

Becoming a new parent can bring about feelings of loneliness, she explains, as your daily routines suddenly revolve around feedings, naps and diaper changes rather than business meetings or social gatherings.

Whether you’re the first of your friends to have a child or a veteran parent, Chapman says some moms find it tough to make time for friends when there is a little one to care for. Story continues below advertisement

With their partners away for the majority of the day in some cases, it can be tough for parents to find someone with whom to share ideas or concerns, Chapman says.

While there are dozens of Ottawa groups for new parents to join when looking for advice, Chapman says she noticed there were very few that actually looked to get people out of the house to meet up.

“It was more of a forum for Q&A, specific training questions, developmental questions, that kind of thing,” Chapman says. “But there wasn’t really anyone that was spearheading women to actually get out and meet in person.”

WATCH (Aug. 1, 2017): New app aiming to create social network for moms 3:24 New app aiming to create social network for moms New app aiming to create social network for moms

While there is little research about new parents and isolation, a recent survey of 2,000 moms by the website ChannelMom.com found that more than 90 per cent of moms in the U.K. admitted to feeling lonely, with 54 per cent of them feeling “friendless.”

When it comes to moms and their mental health, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) says a social media group might just be the thing that helps.

“Some of these social media platforms can be used to tap into the wisdom of others with similar experiences — a type of crowdsourcing of knowledge,” said Nikki Hudson, program and project management officer at OPH. Story continues below advertisement

“Social support is a key coping strategy during difficult transitions. Talking about problems or worries in a safe and moderated environment may help parents and caretakers feel better and someone may be able to assist — knowingly or unknowingly — by sharing experiences and offering suggestions.”

Chapman says one of the other aspects of these groups, especially online forums, is the tendency for members to get “cliquey.” Chapman says she has a zero-tolerance policy for judgmental moms and strives to make the group inclusive.

She also believes the main goal of getting these moms to meet in person really takes away the disconnect people tend to have on the internet, which can lead some to make comments they wouldn’t necessarily make in person.

“I think that’s really understood when you join,” said Chapman about her policy. “You can read through the posts and see that it’s just a super encouraging and really supportive environment.”

While meeting in person is the point of Chapman’s group, Hudson says that even if some moms aren’t comfortable with the public meetups, the online forums are still helpful, especially if some moms have difficulty accessing other forms of support.

“People with similar experiences can better relate, offer more authentic empathy and validation,” said Hudson.

“Sometimes, this support isn’t always easily accessible or for some. It may be difficult to share in person, hence social media is a nice alternative and fairly accessible channel for most parents and caregivers to stay informed, engaged and connected with their peers and health professionals.” Story continues below advertisement

The group will celebrate its three-month anniversary on Oct. 6 and has grown to more than 1,100 members — way more than the initial 50 who came to the first meetup.

“I literally started it because I just wanted to make a couple of friends that were close to me that I could go for coffee with,” Chapman says.

“It never occurred to me that it would get so popular.” Tweet This

Chapman encourages any moms who may feel shy about meeting with a group of people to come out anyway. She says she strives to make the group a safe place for moms to come with their babies, meet other moms, share some advice or even spend some time venting about their partners.

“I’ve been in that situation where it’s really hard to get out and meet new people,” said Chapman.

“And if a mom’s not comfortable coming in because she feels like she’s not going to talk to anyone, I will personally go up and talk her. The sense of community really matriculates from the group in these meetups.”

Continue Reading

Headlines

Education workers begin work-to-rule in Ottawa area

Editor

Published

on

By

Hundreds of Ottawa-area school support workers are set to stop participating in extracurricular activities Monday morning as part of a work-to-rule campaign after weekend contract talks failed to reach a deal.

Bargaining between unions representing Ontario’s education workers, the government of Premier Doug Ford and school boards had been taking place throughout the weekend.

The province said late Sunday afternoon, however, that talks with the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) had broken down.

CUPE had said that while its workers were hoping to strike a deal, if the contract talks didn’t pan out, a work-to-rule campaign would begin Monday. The union says job security and wages are key issues in the negotiations.

Work-to-rule means staff will only do tasks they’re explicitly required to do. Office staff won’t supervise students, and education assistants will refuse to be left in classrooms without a teacher present.

There are about 55,000 school support staff in Ontario. They include clerical staff, school custodians and educational assistants. 

Student safety won’t be compromised, says union

“It’s become harder and harder to do more with less,” said Sherry Wallace, a former educational assistant and the president of CUPE Local 2357.

The local represents about 2,500 permanent and casual education workers in the Ottawa Catholic School Board.

“It used to be one educational assistant [for] sometimes to two three students, max. We’re now looking at, sometimes, it’s one educational assistant [for] five to seven,” Wallace said.

Even if its members begin work-to-rule Monday, they won’t compromise the safety of any students, Wallace pledged.

Sherry Wallace is a former educational assistant and the president of CUPE Local 2357, which represents about 2,500 permanent and casual education workers in the Ottawa Catholic School Board. (Trevor Pritchard/CBC)

‘This is very challenging’

Under work-to-rule, staff won’t take on extra activities for students — like leading choir practices, for example, or organizing sports — on their breaks or after school, Wallace said.

“We wouldn’t be staying later, volunteering and doing the extra things that we have been doing and essentially [have been] taken for granted, unfortunately,” she said.

For the Catholic board, all school support workers aside from custodial staff could begin reducing their workload Monday. That includes educational assistants, early childhood educators, sign language interpreters, developmental education staff, clerical staff, library technicians and some technical and central administrative staff.

“They are scared, and for so many reasons. Mostly because they don’t want this to look badly on them. So that’s the biggest fear,” Wallace said.

“They love, they’re very passionate about what they do. This is very challenging for them.”  

Government focused on reaching deal 

The Ford government has said it’s focused on reaching a deal that keeps kids in the classroom. 

“It is deeply disappointing that CUPE has decided to end talks this weekend, and proceed with a partial withdrawal of services, despite a limited number of outstanding items at the table,” said Minister of Education Stephen Lecce in a statement Sunday.

Lecce said the province offered proposals to address compensation, job security and funding for additional staffing.

“We remain fully committed to resuming discussions with CUPE to reach an agreement quickly to provide predictability to parents and students. On my direction, through our mediator, we have asked for additional bargaining dates to bring everyone back to the table so that we can ensure our kids remain in class,” said Lecce. 

In a statement Sunday evening, Laura Walton, president of CUPE’s Ontario School Board Council of Unions, said the “other side pushed matters to the brink” despite having it within their power to reach “a fair deal” for students.

“Parents, teachers and communities can be assured that no CUPE member will ever do anything to make a school unsafe or put any student at any risk,” Walton said. “As always, CUPE members will exercise their professional judgment when it comes to the health and safety of students.”

French boards, English Catholic board affected

For the French public school board in Ottawa, the Conseil des écoles publiques de l’Est de l’Ontario, custodial and clerical staff, library technicians and IT employees would be working to rule. The support staff for students and teachers inside the classroom are under a different union and wouldn’t be working to rule.

For the French Catholic school board, the Conseil des écoles catholiques du Centre-Est, only custodial staff would be working to rule.

The Catholic board’s other high schools, administrative offices, Académie catholique Notre-Dame, Éducation Permanente, and the Centre professionnel et technique Minto will not be affected by a work-to-rule campaign.

No support workers with the Ottawa Carleton District School Board are unionized under CUPE.

Continue Reading

Chat

Trending