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Manitoba First Nations seek to sue Canada for not honouring treaty land entitlements

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A group representing Manitoba First Nations is seeking to sue the federal government for failing to honour a two-decade-old promise to fulfil land debt.

The Treaty Land Entitlement Committee of Manitoba (TLEC) filed a notice of application this week with the Federal Court of Canada in Winnipeg, hoping to nullify an agreement signed between the committee and the Crown in 1997, and clear the way for a “multi-billion dollar” lawsuit.

“In 1997, when our member First Nations agreed to accept the [Manitoba Framework Agreement] deal for land to settle our outstanding TLE [treaty land entitlement] claims, we were required to provide Canada with a conditional release where we agreed that further legal action would not be pursued by us,” Chief Nelson Genaille of the Sapotaweyak Cree Nation, and TLEC Manitoba president, said in a news release.

“However, 22 years later, Canada is failing to hold up the honour of the Crown in fulfilling its treaty obligations under the MFA.”

As such, Manitoba’s TLEC is asking the federal court to make “void and ineffective” the restrictions to pursue legal action.

In 1996, Canada’s provincial and federal governments agreed on the TLE process to resolve disputes with bands that did not receive all the lands promised through the treaties signed in the 1800s and early 1900s.

Those bands would be given priority to make claims on surplus Crown lands or to purchase other properties and convert them into urban reserves.

Based on that, the MFA was signed the following year, for deficient land obligations in treaties 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10. There are 21 Manitoba First Nations eligible under the framework agreement.

The MFA required the governments to provide over 445,000 hectares of land to Manitoba’s TLEC member First Nations. Roughly 215,000 hectares have only been set aside since then.

“More recently, they have breached the MFA’s terms by unilaterally amending the TLE land conversion process without our consent,” Genaille said. “This is why we are taking this legal action.”

In 2012, Canada advised TLE committees that it would start consulting other Indigenous groups prior to setting aside TLE lands as reserve under the MFA.

TLEC Manitoba claims that is a breach of the MFA because its member First Nations have not consented to the alteration.

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Toronto Book Expo 2020 – Authors, Publishers look forward to a top-notch Canadian book fair

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Diversity has always been a complex issue, no matter where you look.Case in point, world-famous writer, Stephen King, has recently come under criticism for his views on diversity. The best-selling author had stated, “I would never consider diversity in matters of art, only quality. It seems to me that to do otherwise would be wrong.” Many criticized the novelist as being out of touch and “ignorant,” but one cannot deny that King’s opinions on diversity, mirror the thoughts of a whole lot of people in the creative industry.

The Toronto Book Expo is coming back in 2020, with a multi-cultural concept that aims to include marginalized authors.  The Expo intends to celebrate literary works of diverse cultural backgrounds, and the entire literary community in Canada is expectant. Book-lovers and writers alike, are invited to three days of uninhibited literary celebration where diverse cultural works will be prioritized. At the event, authors will be allowed to share their culture with a broad audience. The audience will be there specifically to purchase multi-cultural works.

Multicultural literary expos do not come every day. In Canada, there is a noticeable lack of literary events celebrating other cultures. This leads to a significantly lower amount of cultural diversity in the industry. The Toronto Book Expo would aim at giving more recognition to these marginalized voices. Understandably, more recognizable work will be prioritized.

The Toronto Book Expo is making a statement that diversity is needed in the literary community. The statement is truly motivating, especially if you consider the fact that this could mean more culturally diverse works of literature.

There is a lot of noticeable cultural ignorance in literature. This is an issue that needs to be addressed and books are one of the best means of improving multi-cultural diversity in literature. The Toronto Book Expo is going to fully utilize books to fight ignorance in the literary industry.

Real progress cannot be made if there is a substantial amount of ignorant people in the industry. In spite of advancements made in education in recent years, there is still a considerable percentage of adults who remain unable to read and write.The Toronto Book Expo aims to bring awareness to social literacy issues such as illiteracy.

It is important to uphold high literacy levels in the community and to support those who are uneducated. A thriving society cannot be achieved if the community is not able to read their civil liberties and write down their grievances.

The major foundation of a working and dynamic society is entrenched in literature. Literature offers us an understandingof the changes being made to our community.

The event would go on for three days at three different venues. Day 1 would hold at the York University Student & Convention Centre at 15 Library Lane on March 19. Day 2 would be held at the Bram and BlumaAppel Salon Facility on the second floor of the main Toronto Reference Library near Yonge and Bloor Streets in downtown Toronto on March 21 and day 3 of the expo would take place at the internationally famous Roy Thomson Hall.

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A Week In Ottawa, ON, On A $75,300 Salary

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Welcome to Money Diaries, where we’re tackling what might be the last taboo facing modern working women: money. We’re asking millennials how they spend their hard-earned money during a seven-day period — and we’re tracking every last dollar.Attention, Canadians! We’re featuring Money Diaries from across Canada on a regular basis, and we want to hear from you. Submit your Money Diary here.Today: a biologist working in government who makes $75,300 per year and spends some of her money this week on a bathing suit. Occupation: Biologist
Industry: Government
Age: 27
Location: Ottawa, ON
Salary: $75,300
Paycheque Amount (2x/month): $1,930
Gender Identity: Woman

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Ottawa doctor pens nursery rhyme to teach proper handwashing

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An Ottawa doctor has turned to song to teach kids — and adults, for that matter — how to wash their hands to prevent the spread of germs.

Dr. Nisha Thampi, an infectious disease physician at CHEO, the area’s children’s hospital, created a video set to the tune of Frère Jacques and featuring the six-step handwashing method recommended by the World Health Organization.

Thampi’s 25-second rendition, which was co-authored by her daughter and Dr. Yves Longtin, an infectious disease specialist at the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, is featured in the December issue of The BMJ, or British Medical Journal. 

Thampi said as an infectious disease physician and a mother of two, she thinks a lot about germs at home and school.

“I was trying to find a fun way to remember the stuff,” she said. “There are six steps that have been codified by the World Health Organization, but they’re complex and hard to remember.” 

Thampi said she came up with the idea to rewrite the lyrics to the nursery rhyme on World Hand Hygiene Day in May, when she was thinking about how to help people remember the technique. 

She said studies have shown that handwashing is effective in reducing the risk of diarrhea-related illnesses and respiratory diseases. 

“So I’d say it’s one of the most important and easiest things we can do.”

The video includes such often-overlooked steps as “wash the back,” “twirl the tips around” and “thumb attack,” which pays special attention to the first digit.

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